function! Hello(...) abort let name = (a:0 == 1 ? a:1 : 'World') return 'Hello, ' . name . '!' endfunction
Vim is a decades old text editor that is still wildly popular among programmers and people who like working in terminal emulators.
In Vim, keys don't always do the same things. It depends in which mode you're in. You constantly switch between modes: there is a mode for navigation, a mode for insertion, a mode for selecting regions of text, a mode for entering commands, and so on. This sounds complicated, but you quickly get used to it.
The biggest difference to other editors is Vim's modal interface. If you use Vim, you don't use complicated shortcuts, you speak a language.
E.g. when you hit
d in normal mode, you initiate a delete action.
Then you have to choose the region (or other object) to act upon.
dw deletes until the end of the current word.
dd deletes the current line.
If the cursor is anywhere in a double quote, you can use
ci" to change this quote.
You reduce the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome by not hitting several keys at once, but by pressing single keys in sequence.
For convenience, often used keys are put on the homerow or near it, so you don't have to move your hands back and forth all the time.
Yes, there's a lot to learn at first, but when you get it, you can edit text faster and more precisely than with most other editors. There is a reason people are still using Vim!
Vim has its own scripting language built in.
Vim script, or
VimL, depending on who you ask.
It's a real programming language and you also use it to configure Vim.
The configuration file, called
vimrc, is merely a sequence of Vim commands, functions, and expressions.
This means Vim's configuration is Turing complete. You can start small, add a few lines to it, then add more, and you'll end up with entire plugins. There's nothing you can't do.
Bonus: Take it with a grain of salt, but there is an editor war going on between Vim and Emacs for a long time already. :-)Join the Vim script track
What I like about it is that I am able to solve the challenges in a TDD way working in a environment that I am familiar (my own PC not a browser IDE) and the cherry on the top of the cake is that I have access to code reviews.
Once you join the Vim script language track, you will receive support and feedback from our team of mentors. Here are the bios of a few of the mentors of this track.
These are a few of the 20 exercises on the Vim script track. You can see all the exercises here.