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Standard ML

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Standard ML is a functional programming language with type inference and some side-effects.
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Track exercises

27 Exercises

Hundreds of hours have gone into making these exercises fun, useful, and challenging to help you enjoy learning.

About Standard ML

fun fib 0 = 0
  | fib 1 = 1
  | fib n = fib (n - 1) + fib (n - 2)

Standard ML (SML) is one of the two main dialects of the ML programming language. ML was the first strong statically typed language, developed in the early 1970s at the University of Edinburgh.

Despite its age, SML feels very young in many ways; SML had features that mainstream languages would not pick up for decades and are still being experimented with today.

Here are some of ML's "cutting-edge" features:

SML was originally designed for developping proofs about first-order predicate calculus (read: computer programs) and it can have a distinct academic feel about it.

However, its emphasis on immutability and strong typing has led SML to be used in many fields where program correctness is paramount (compiler design, code analysis, financial systems, medical systems, etc...).

Learning SML makes you a better programmer, because it forces you to write code that is stateless and to use closures effectively.

It's also many programmers first introduction to pattern matching and (truely) strong typing. And because SML's type system is so strong and well-thought out, it often feels like you are working in a dynamically typed language instead.

There are several popular implementations:

You can find information on the language on each implementation's sites.

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Exercism is a great website

What I like about it is that I am able to solve the challenges in a TDD way working in a environment that I am familiar (my own PC not a browser IDE) and the cherry on the top of the cake is that I have access to code reviews.

Fun. Challenging. Interesting

Community-sourced Standard ML exercises

These are a few of the 27 exercises on the Standard ML track. You can see all the exercises here.

Sum Of Multiples
Pig Latin
text formatting
Flatten Array
Difference Of Squares
Perfect Numbers
Passionate. Knowledgeable. Creative.

Meet the Standard ML Track maintainers

The Standard ML Maintainers are the brains behind the Standard ML Track. They spend their spare time creating interesting and challenging exercises that we can all learn from. We are incredibly grateful for their hard work. Here are the bios of a few of the maintainers of this track.

Avatar of Kartik Singhal

Kartik Singhal http://ks.cs.uchicago.edu/

I have worked on Exercism in the past and was a teaching assistant for a Programming Languages class taught at UChicago that uses SML for implementation. My academic research involves designing strong, static type systems for reasoning about effectful programs.
Avatar of Simon Shine

Simon Shine https://simonshine.dk

I've been a classroom teacher in compilers and various functional languages for five years. Having pure functions and isolation of side-effects are fundamental to separation of concerns. Strong, static types, type inference and algebraic types are hard for me to live without.

Get started with the Standard ML track. As with everything on Exercism, it's 100% free!

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