Published at Jul 13 2018
·
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Instructions

Test suite

Solution

Given a string representing a matrix of numbers, return the rows and columns of that matrix.

So given a string with embedded newlines like:

```
9 8 7
5 3 2
6 6 7
```

representing this matrix:

```
0 1 2
|---------
0 | 9 8 7
1 | 5 3 2
2 | 6 6 7
```

your code should be able to spit out:

- A list of the rows, reading each row left-to-right while moving top-to-bottom across the rows,
- A list of the columns, reading each column top-to-bottom while moving from left-to-right.

The rows for our example matrix:

- 9, 8, 7
- 5, 3, 2
- 6, 6, 7

And its columns:

- 9, 5, 6
- 8, 3, 6
- 7, 2, 7

For installation and learning resources, refer to the exercism help page.

For running the tests provided, you will need the Minitest gem. Open a terminal window and run the following command to install minitest:

```
gem install minitest
```

If you would like color output, you can `require 'minitest/pride'`

in
the test file, or note the alternative instruction, below, for running
the test file.

Run the tests from the exercise directory using the following command:

```
ruby matrix_test.rb
```

To include color from the command line:

```
ruby -r minitest/pride matrix_test.rb
```

Warmup to the `saddle-points`

warmup. http://jumpstartlab.com

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

```
require 'minitest/autorun'
require_relative 'matrix'
class MatrixTest < Minitest::Test
def test_extract_a_row
matrix = Matrix.new("1 2\n10 20")
assert_equal [1, 2], matrix.rows[0]
end
def test_extract_same_row_again
skip
matrix = Matrix.new("9 7\n8 6")
assert_equal [9, 7], matrix.rows[0]
end
def test_extract_other_row
skip
matrix = Matrix.new("9 8 7\n19 18 17")
assert_equal [19, 18, 17], matrix.rows[1]
end
def test_extract_other_row_again
skip
matrix = Matrix.new("1 4 9\n16 25 36")
assert_equal [16, 25, 36], matrix.rows[1]
end
def test_extract_a_column
skip
matrix = Matrix.new("1 2 3\n4 5 6\n7 8 9\n 8 7 6")
assert_equal [1, 4, 7, 8], matrix.columns[0]
end
def test_extract_another_column
skip
matrix = Matrix.new("89 1903 3\n18 3 1\n9 4 800")
assert_equal [1903, 3, 4], matrix.columns[1]
end
end
```

```
class Matrix
attr_reader :rows
def initialize(input)
@rows = lines(input).map { |row| tokenize(row) }
end
def columns
@columns ||= transpose(rows)
end
private
def transpose(grid)
columns = Array.new(grid[0].size) { Array.new(grid.size) }
grid[0].size.times do |i|
grid.size.times do |j|
columns[i][j] = grid[j][i]
end
end
columns
end
def lines(input)
input.split("\n")
end
def tokenize(row)
row.strip.split(/ /).map(&:to_i)
end
end
```

A huge amount can be learned from reading other people’s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

- What compromises have been made?
- Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?

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