Exercism v3 launches on Sept 1st 2021. Learn more! ๐๐๐

Published at Jul 13 2018
·
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Instructions

Test suite

Solution

Given a number n, determine what the nth prime is.

By listing the first six prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, and 13, we can see that the 6th prime is 13.

If your language provides methods in the standard library to deal with prime numbers, pretend they don't exist and implement them yourself.

Sometimes it is necessary to raise an exception. When you do this, you should include a meaningful error message to indicate what the source of the error is. This makes your code more readable and helps significantly with debugging. Not every exercise will require you to raise an exception, but for those that do, the tests will only pass if you include a message.

To raise a message with an exception, just write it as an argument to the exception type. For example, instead of
`raise Exception`

, you should write:

```
raise Exception("Meaningful message indicating the source of the error")
```

To run the tests, run the appropriate command below (why they are different):

- Python 2.7:
`py.test nth_prime_test.py`

- Python 3.4+:
`pytest nth_prime_test.py`

Alternatively, you can tell Python to run the pytest module (allowing the same command to be used regardless of Python version):
`python -m pytest nth_prime_test.py`

`pytest`

options-
`-v`

: enable verbose output -
`-x`

: stop running tests on first failure -
`--ff`

: run failures from previous test before running other test cases

For other options, see `python -m pytest -h`

Note that, when trying to submit an exercise, make sure the solution is in the `$EXERCISM_WORKSPACE/python/nth-prime`

directory.

You can find your Exercism workspace by running `exercism debug`

and looking for the line that starts with `Workspace`

.

For more detailed information about running tests, code style and linting, please see the help page.

A variation on Problem 7 at Project Euler http://projecteuler.net/problem=7

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

```
import unittest
from nth_prime import nth_prime
# Tests adapted from `problem-specifications//canonical-data.json` @ v2.1.0
class NthPrimeTest(unittest.TestCase):
def test_first_prime(self):
self.assertEqual(nth_prime(1), 2)
def test_second_prime(self):
self.assertEqual(nth_prime(2), 3)
def test_sixth_prime(self):
self.assertEqual(nth_prime(6), 13)
def test_big_prime(self):
self.assertEqual(nth_prime(10001), 104743)
def test_there_is_no_zeroth_prime(self):
with self.assertRaisesWithMessage(ValueError):
nth_prime(0)
# additional track specific test
def test_first_twenty_primes(self):
self.assertEqual([2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31,
37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71],
[nth_prime(n) for n in range(1, 21)])
# Utility functions
def setUp(self):
try:
self.assertRaisesRegex
except AttributeError:
self.assertRaisesRegex = self.assertRaisesRegexp
def assertRaisesWithMessage(self, exception):
return self.assertRaisesRegex(exception, r".+")
if __name__ == '__main__':
unittest.main()
```

```
import math
class prime:
@classmethod
def nth_prime(cls, n):
primes = []
possible = cls.possible_primes()
while len(primes) < n:
x = next(possible)
if cls.is_prime(x):
primes.append(x)
return primes[n - 1]
@staticmethod
def is_prime(x):
for i in range(2, int(math.sqrt(x)) + 1):
if x % i == 0:
return False
return True
@staticmethod
def possible_primes():
yield 2
n = 3
while True:
yield n
n += 2
def nth_prime(n):
return prime.nth_prime(n)
```

A huge amount can be learned from reading other peopleโs code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

- What compromises have been made?
- Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?

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