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RockLloque's solution

to Word Search in the Lua Track

Published at Aug 08 2018 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

In word search puzzles you get a square of letters and have to find specific words in them.

For example:

jefblpepre
camdcimgtc
oivokprjsm
pbwasqroua
rixilelhrs
wolcqlirpc
screeaumgr
alxhpburyi
jalaycalmp
clojurermt

There are several programming languages hidden in the above square.

Words can be hidden in all kinds of directions: left-to-right, right-to-left, vertical and diagonal.

Given a puzzle and a list of words return the location of the first and last letter of each word.

Running the tests

To run the tests, run the command busted from within the exercise directory.

Further information

For more detailed information about the Lua track, including how to get help if you're having trouble, please visit the exercism.io Lua language page.

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

word-search_spec.lua

local WordSearch = require('word-search')

describe('word-search', function()
  local puzzle = {
    'jefblpepre',
    'camdcimgtc',
    'oivokprjsm',
    'pbwasqroua',
    'rixilelhrs',
    'wolcqlirpc',
    'screeaumgr',
    'alxhpburyi',
    'jalaycalmp',
    'clojurermt',
  }

  it('should find horizontal words written left-to-right', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('clojure')
    assert.same({ 1, 10 }, first)
    assert.same({ 7, 10 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find horizontal words written right-to-left', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('elixir')
    assert.same({ 6, 5 }, first)
    assert.same({ 1, 5 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find vertical words written top-to-bottom', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('ecmascript')
    assert.same({ 10, 1 }, first)
    assert.same({ 10, 10 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find vertical words written bottom-to-top', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('rust')
    assert.same({ 9, 5 }, first)
    assert.same({ 9, 2 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find diagonal words written top-left-to-bottom-right', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('java')
    assert.same({ 1, 1 }, first)
    assert.same({ 4, 4 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find diagonal upper written bottom-right-to-top-left', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('lua')
    assert.same({ 8, 9 }, first)
    assert.same({ 6, 7 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find diagonal upper written bottom-left-to-top-right', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('lisp')
    assert.same({ 3, 6 }, first)
    assert.same({ 6, 3 }, last)
  end)

  it('should find diagonal upper written top-right-to-bottom-left', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('ruby')
    assert.same({ 8, 6 }, first)
    assert.same({ 5, 9 }, last)
  end)

  it('should not find words that are not in the puzzle', function()
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('haskell')
    assert.same(nil, first)
    assert.same(nil, last)
  end)

  it('should be able to search differently-sized puzzles', function()
    local puzzle = {
      'qwertyuiopz',
      'luamsicrexe',
      'abcdefghijk'
    }
    local first, last = WordSearch(puzzle).find('exercism')
    assert.same({ 11, 2 }, first)
    assert.same({ 4, 2 }, last)
  end)
end)
local function position_exists(puzzle, pos)
	return puzzle[pos[2]] and ( pos[1] > 0 and pos[1] <= 11)
end

local function find_term(puzzle, input, pos, direction)
	for i=1, #input do
		if position_exists(puzzle, pos) and string.sub(puzzle[pos[2]], pos[1], pos[1]) == string.sub(input, i,i) then 
			pos[1] = pos[1] + direction[1]
			pos[2] = pos[2] + direction[2]
		else
			return nil
		end
	end
	pos[1] = pos[1] - direction[1]
	pos[2] = pos[2] - direction[2]
	return pos -- This is now the end position
end

local directions = {
	{1,0},
	{0,1},
	{-1,0},
	{0,-1},
	{1,1},
	{1,-1},
	{-1,1},
	{-1,-1},
}


return function(puzzle)
	return {
		find = function(input)
			for i=1, #puzzle do
				for j=1, #puzzle[i] do
					if string.sub(puzzle[i], j,j) == string.sub(input, 1,1) then
						for _,v in pairs(directions) do
							local last = find_term(puzzle, input, {j,i}, {v[1],v[2]})
							if last then 
								return {j,i}, last
							end
						end
					end
				end
			end
		end
	}
end

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