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JamieMair's solution

to ETL in the Julia Track

Published at Feb 11 2021 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

We are going to do the Transform step of an Extract-Transform-Load.

ETL

Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) is a fancy way of saying, "We have some crufty, legacy data over in this system, and now we need it in this shiny new system over here, so we're going to migrate this."

(Typically, this is followed by, "We're only going to need to run this once." That's then typically followed by much forehead slapping and moaning about how stupid we could possibly be.)

The goal

We're going to extract some Scrabble scores from a legacy system.

The old system stored a list of letters per score:

  • 1 point: "A", "E", "I", "O", "U", "L", "N", "R", "S", "T",
  • 2 points: "D", "G",
  • 3 points: "B", "C", "M", "P",
  • 4 points: "F", "H", "V", "W", "Y",
  • 5 points: "K",
  • 8 points: "J", "X",
  • 10 points: "Q", "Z",

The shiny new Scrabble system instead stores the score per letter, which makes it much faster and easier to calculate the score for a word. It also stores the letters in lower-case regardless of the case of the input letters:

  • "a" is worth 1 point.
  • "b" is worth 3 points.
  • "c" is worth 3 points.
  • "d" is worth 2 points.
  • Etc.

Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is to transform the legacy data format to the shiny new format.

Notes

A final note about scoring, Scrabble is played around the world in a variety of languages, each with its own unique scoring table. For example, an "E" is scored at 2 in the Māori-language version of the game while being scored at 4 in the Hawaiian-language version.

Source

The Jumpstart Lab team http://jumpstartlab.com

Version compatibility

This exercise has been tested on Julia versions >=1.0.

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

runtests.jl

using Test

include("etl.jl")

@testset "single letter" begin
    input = Dict(1=>['A'])
    output = Dict('a'=>1)
    @test transform(input) == output
end

@testset "single score with multiple letters" begin
    input = Dict(1=>['A', 'E', 'I', 'O', 'U'])
    output = Dict('a'=>1, 'e'=>1, 'i'=>1, 'o'=>1, 'u'=>1)
    @test transform(input) == output
end

@testset "multiple scores with multiple letters" begin
    input = Dict(1=>['A', 'E'], 2=>['D', 'G'])
    output = Dict('g'=>2, 'e'=>1, 'a'=>1, 'd'=>2)
    @test transform(input) == output
end

@testset "multiple scores with differing numbers of letters" begin
    input = Dict(1=>[ 'A', 'E', 'I', 'O', 'U', 'L', 'N', 'R', 'S', 'T' ],
                 2=>[ 'D', 'G' ], 3=>[ 'B', 'C', 'M', 'P' ],
                 4=>[ 'F', 'H', 'V', 'W', 'Y' ], 5=>[ 'K' ],
                 8=>[ 'J', 'X' ], 10=>[ 'Q', 'Z' ])
    output = Dict('a'=>1, 'b'=>3,  'c'=>3, 'd'=>2, 'e'=>1,
                  'f'=>4, 'g'=>2,  'h'=>4, 'i'=>1, 'j'=>8,
                  'k'=>5, 'l'=>1,  'm'=>3, 'n'=>1, 'o'=>1,
                  'p'=>3, 'q'=>10, 'r'=>1, 's'=>1, 't'=>1,
                  'u'=>1, 'v'=>4,  'w'=>4, 'x'=>8, 'y'=>4,
                  'z'=>10)
    @test transform(input) == output
end
function transform(input::AbstractDict)
    output = Dict()

    for (key, value) in input
        for c in value
            output[lowercase(c)] = key
        end
    end

    return output
end

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