Published at Mar 05 2020
·
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Instructions

Test suite

Solution

Given the size, return a square matrix of numbers in spiral order.

The matrix should be filled with natural numbers, starting from 1 in the top-left corner, increasing in an inward, clockwise spiral order, like these examples:

```
1 2 3
8 9 4
7 6 5
```

```
1 2 3 4
12 13 14 5
11 16 15 6
10 9 8 7
```

Look for a stub file having the name spiral_matrix.go and place your solution code in that file.

To run the tests run the command `go test`

from within the exercise directory.

If the test suite contains benchmarks, you can run these with the `--bench`

and `--benchmem`

flags:

```
go test -v --bench . --benchmem
```

Keep in mind that each reviewer will run benchmarks on a different machine, with different specs, so the results from these benchmark tests may vary.

For more detailed information about the Go track, including how to get help if you're having trouble, please visit the exercism.io Go language page.

Reddit r/dailyprogrammer challenge #320 [Easy] Spiral Ascension. https://www.reddit.com/r/dailyprogrammer/comments/6i60lr/20170619_challenge_320_easy_spiral_ascension/

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

```
package spiralmatrix
import (
"reflect"
"testing"
)
var testCases = []struct {
description string
input int
expected [][]int
}{
{
description: "empty spiral",
input: 0,
expected: [][]int{},
},
{
description: "trivial spiral",
input: 1,
expected: [][]int{
{1},
},
},
{
description: "spiral of size 2",
input: 2,
expected: [][]int{
{1, 2},
{4, 3},
},
},
{
description: "spiral of size 3",
input: 3,
expected: [][]int{
{1, 2, 3},
{8, 9, 4},
{7, 6, 5},
},
},
{
description: "spiral of size 4",
input: 4,
expected: [][]int{
{1, 2, 3, 4},
{12, 13, 14, 5},
{11, 16, 15, 6},
{10, 9, 8, 7},
},
},
}
func TestSpiralMatrix(t *testing.T) {
for _, testCase := range testCases {
matrix := SpiralMatrix(testCase.input)
if !reflect.DeepEqual(matrix, testCase.expected) {
t.Fatalf("FAIL: %s\n\tSpiralMatrix(%v)\nexpected: %v\ngot : %v",
testCase.description, testCase.input, testCase.expected, matrix)
}
t.Logf("PASS: %s", testCase.description)
}
}
func BenchmarkSpiralMatrix(b *testing.B) {
for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
for _, testCase := range testCases {
SpiralMatrix(testCase.input)
}
}
}
```

```
package spiralmatrix
// SpiralMatrix creates the spiral matrix of given number
func SpiralMatrix(n int) [][]int {
if n == 0 {
return [][]int{}
}
res := make([][]int, n)
for i := range res {
res[i] = make([]int, n)
}
to := n * n
x, y := 0, 0
ds := [4]int{1, 1, -1, -1}
idx := 0
for i := 1; i <= to; i++ {
res[y][x] = i
if idx%2 == 0 {
x += ds[idx]
if x >= n || x < 0 || res[y][x] != 0 {
x -= ds[idx]
idx++
idx %= 4
y += ds[idx]
}
} else {
y += ds[idx]
if y >= n || y < 0 || res[y][x] != 0 {
y -= ds[idx]
idx++
idx %= 4
x += ds[idx]
}
}
}
return res
}
```

A huge amount can be learned from reading other people’s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

- What compromises have been made?
- Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?

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