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Lucassifoni's solution

to ETL in the Elixir Track

Published at May 23 2019 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Note:

This exercise has changed since this solution was written.

We are going to do the Transform step of an Extract-Transform-Load.

ETL

Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) is a fancy way of saying, "We have some crufty, legacy data over in this system, and now we need it in this shiny new system over here, so we're going to migrate this."

(Typically, this is followed by, "We're only going to need to run this once." That's then typically followed by much forehead slapping and moaning about how stupid we could possibly be.)

The goal

We're going to extract some scrabble scores from a legacy system.

The old system stored a list of letters per score:

  • 1 point: "A", "E", "I", "O", "U", "L", "N", "R", "S", "T",
  • 2 points: "D", "G",
  • 3 points: "B", "C", "M", "P",
  • 4 points: "F", "H", "V", "W", "Y",
  • 5 points: "K",
  • 8 points: "J", "X",
  • 10 points: "Q", "Z",

The shiny new scrabble system instead stores the score per letter, which makes it much faster and easier to calculate the score for a word. It also stores the letters in lower-case regardless of the case of the input letters:

  • "a" is worth 1 point.
  • "b" is worth 3 points.
  • "c" is worth 3 points.
  • "d" is worth 2 points.
  • Etc.

Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is to transform the legacy data format to the shiny new format.

Notes

A final note about scoring, Scrabble is played around the world in a variety of languages, each with its own unique scoring table. For example, an "E" is scored at 2 in the Māori-language version of the game while being scored at 4 in the Hawaiian-language version.

Running tests

Execute the tests with:

$ elixir etl_test.exs

Pending tests

In the test suites, all but the first test have been skipped.

Once you get a test passing, you can unskip the next one by commenting out the relevant @tag :pending with a # symbol.

For example:

# @tag :pending
test "shouting" do
  assert Bob.hey("WATCH OUT!") == "Whoa, chill out!"
end

Or, you can enable all the tests by commenting out the ExUnit.configure line in the test suite.

# ExUnit.configure exclude: :pending, trace: true

If you're stuck on something, it may help to look at some of the available resources out there where answers might be found.

Source

The Jumpstart Lab team http://jumpstartlab.com

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

etl_test.exs

if !System.get_env("EXERCISM_TEST_EXAMPLES") do
  Code.load_file("etl.exs", __DIR__)
end

ExUnit.start()
ExUnit.configure(exclude: :pending, trace: true)

defmodule TransformTest do
  use ExUnit.Case

  # @tag :pending
  test "transform one value" do
    old = %{1 => ["WORLD"]}
    expected = %{"world" => 1}

    assert ETL.transform(old) == expected
  end

  @tag :pending
  test "transform more values" do
    old = %{1 => ["WORLD", "GSCHOOLERS"]}
    expected = %{"world" => 1, "gschoolers" => 1}

    assert ETL.transform(old) == expected
  end

  @tag :pending
  test "more keys" do
    old = %{1 => ["APPLE", "ARTICHOKE"], 2 => ["BOAT", "BALLERINA"]}

    expected = %{
      "apple" => 1,
      "artichoke" => 1,
      "boat" => 2,
      "ballerina" => 2
    }

    assert ETL.transform(old) == expected
  end

  @tag :pending
  test "full dataset" do
    old = %{
      1 => ~W(A E I O U L N R S T),
      2 => ~W(D G),
      3 => ~W(B C M P),
      4 => ~W(F H V W Y),
      5 => ~W(K),
      8 => ~W(J X),
      10 => ~W(Q Z)
    }

    expected = %{
      "a" => 1,
      "b" => 3,
      "c" => 3,
      "d" => 2,
      "e" => 1,
      "f" => 4,
      "g" => 2,
      "h" => 4,
      "i" => 1,
      "j" => 8,
      "k" => 5,
      "l" => 1,
      "m" => 3,
      "n" => 1,
      "o" => 1,
      "p" => 3,
      "q" => 10,
      "r" => 1,
      "s" => 1,
      "t" => 1,
      "u" => 1,
      "v" => 4,
      "w" => 4,
      "x" => 8,
      "y" => 4,
      "z" => 10
    }

    assert ETL.transform(old) == expected
  end
end
defmodule ETL do
  @doc """
  Transform an index into an inverted index.

  ## Examples

  iex> ETL.transform(%{"a" => ["ABILITY", "AARDVARK"], "b" => ["BALLAST", "BEAUTY"]})
  %{"ability" => "a", "aardvark" => "a", "ballast" => "b", "beauty" =>"b"}
  """
  @spec transform(map) :: map
  def transform(input), do: input |> Map.to_list |> Enum.reduce(%{}, fn {k, vs}, m -> Enum.reduce(vs, m, fn v, a -> Map.put(a, String.downcase(v), k) end) end)
end

What can you learn from this solution?

A huge amount can be learned from reading other people’s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

  • What compromises have been made?
  • Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?