ðŸŽ‰ Exercism Research is now launched. Help Exercism, help science and have some fun at research.exercism.io ðŸŽ‰

# johncip's solution

## to Poker in the Clojure Track

Published at May 17 2019 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Pick the best hand(s) from a list of poker hands.

See wikipedia for an overview of poker hands.

## Source

Inspired by the training course from Udacity. https://www.udacity.com/course/viewer#!/c-cs212/

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

### poker_test.clj

``````(ns poker-test
(:require [clojure.test :refer [deftest is]]
[poker :refer [best-hands]]))

(defn f [xs ys] (= (sort (best-hands xs)) (sort ys)))

(deftest single-hand-always-wins
(is (f ["4S 5S 7H 8D JC"] ["4S 5S 7H 8D JC"])))

(deftest highest-card-out-of-all-hands-wins
(is (f ["4D 5S 6S 8D 3C"
"2S 4C 7S 9H 10H"
"3S 4S 5D 6H JH"]
["3S 4S 5D 6H JH"])))

(deftest a-tie-has-multiple-winners
(is (f ["4D 5S 6S 8D 3C"
"2S 4C 7S 9H 10H"
"3S 4S 5D 6H JH"
"3H 4H 5C 6C JD"]
["3S 4S 5D 6H JH"
"3H 4H 5C 6C JD"])))

(deftest multiple-hands-with-the-same-high-cards-tie-compares-next-highest-ranked-down-to-last-card
(is (f ["3S 5H 6S 8D 7H"
"2S 5D 6D 8C 7S"]
["3S 5H 6S 8D 7H"])))

(deftest one-pair-beats-high-card
(is (f ["4S 5H 6C 8D KH"
"2S 4H 6S 4D JH"]
["2S 4H 6S 4D JH"])))

(deftest highest-pair-wins
(is (f ["4S 2H 6S 2D JH"
"2S 4H 6C 4D JD"]
["2S 4H 6C 4D JD"])))

(deftest two-pairs-beats-one-pair
(is (f ["2S 8H 6S 8D JH"
"4S 5H 4C 8C 5C"]
["4S 5H 4C 8C 5C"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-two-pairs-highest-ranked-pair-wins
(is (f ["2S 8H 2D 8D 3H"
"4S 5H 4C 8S 5D"]
["2S 8H 2D 8D 3H"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-two-pairs-with-the-same-highest-ranked-pair-tie-goes-to-low-pair
(is (f ["2S QS 2C QD JH"
"JD QH JS 8D QC"]
["JD QH JS 8D QC"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-two-identically-ranked-pairs-tie-goes-to-remaining-card-kicker
(is (f ["JD QH JS 8D QC"
"JS QS JC 2D QD"]
["JD QH JS 8D QC"])))

(deftest three-of-a-kind-beats-two-pair
(is (f ["2S 8H 2H 8D JH"
"4S 5H 4C 8S 4H"]
["4S 5H 4C 8S 4H"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-three-of-a-kind-tie-goes-to-highest-ranked-triplet
(is (f ["2S 2H 2C 8D JH"
"4S AH AS 8C AD"]
["4S AH AS 8C AD"])))

(deftest with-multiple-decks-two-players-can-have-same-three-of-a-kind-ties-go-to-highest-remaining-cards
(is (f ["4S AH AS 7C AD"
"4S AH AS 8C AD"]
["4S AH AS 8C AD"])))

(deftest a-straight-beats-three-of-a-kind
(is (f ["4S 5H 4C 8D 4H"
"3S 4D 2S 6D 5C"]
["3S 4D 2S 6D 5C"])))

(deftest aces-can-end-a-straight-10-J-Q-K-A
(is (f ["4S 5H 4C 8D 4H"
"10D JH QS KD AC"]
["10D JH QS KD AC"])))

(deftest aces-can-start-a-straight-A-2-3-4-5
(is (f ["4S 5H 4C 8D 4H"
"4D AH 3S 2D 5C"]
["4D AH 3S 2D 5C"])))

(deftest both-hands-with-a-straight-tie-goes-to-highest-ranked-card
(is (f ["4S 6C 7S 8D 5H"
"5S 7H 8S 9D 6H"]
["5S 7H 8S 9D 6H"])))

(deftest even-though-an-ace-is-usually-high-a-5-high-straight-is-the-lowest-scoring-straight
(is (f ["2H 3C 4D 5D 6H"
"4S AH 3S 2D 5H"]
["2H 3C 4D 5D 6H"])))

(deftest flush-beats-a-straight
(is (f ["4C 6H 7D 8D 5H"
"2S 4S 5S 6S 7S"]
["2S 4S 5S 6S 7S"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-a-flush-tie-goes-to-high-card-down-to-the-last-one-if-necessary
(is (f ["4H 7H 8H 9H 6H"
"2S 4S 5S 6S 7S"]
["4H 7H 8H 9H 6H"])))

(deftest full-house-beats-a-flush
(is (f ["3H 6H 7H 8H 5H"
"4S 5H 4C 5D 4H"]
["4S 5H 4C 5D 4H"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-a-full-house-tie-goes-to-highest-ranked-triplet
(is (f ["4H 4S 4D 9S 9D"
"5H 5S 5D 8S 8D"]
["5H 5S 5D 8S 8D"])))

(deftest with-multiple-decks-both-hands-have-a-full-house-with-the-same-triplet-tie-goes-to-the-pair
(is (f ["5H 5S 5D 9S 9D"
"5H 5S 5D 8S 8D"]
["5H 5S 5D 9S 9D"])))

(deftest four-of-a-kind-beats-a-full-house
(is (f ["4S 5H 4D 5D 4H"
"3S 3H 2S 3D 3C"]
["3S 3H 2S 3D 3C"])))

(is (f ["2S 2H 2C 8D 2D"
"4S 5H 5S 5D 5C"]
["4S 5H 5S 5D 5C"])))

(deftest with-multiple-decks-both-hands-with-identical-four-of-a-kind-tie-determined-by-kicker
(is (f ["3S 3H 2S 3D 3C"
"3S 3H 4S 3D 3C"]
["3S 3H 4S 3D 3C"])))

(deftest straight-flush-beats-four-of-a-kind
(is (f ["4S 5H 5S 5D 5C"
"7S 8S 9S 6S 10S"]
["7S 8S 9S 6S 10S"])))

(deftest both-hands-have-straight-flush-tie-goes-to-highest-ranked-card
(is (f ["4H 6H 7H 8H 5H"
"5S 7S 8S 9S 6S"]
["5S 7S 8S 9S 6S"])))``````
``````(ns poker)

(def all-ranks (mapv str '(2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 J Q K A)))
(def card-value (zipmap all-ranks (iterate inc 2)))
(def ranks (partial map first))
(def suits (partial map second))
(def straights (set (partition 5 1 (concat ["A"] all-ranks))))

(def grouped-ranks
(comp vals (partial group-by identity) ranks))

(defn normalize [cards]
(->> (re-seq #"\d+|[JQKA]|[CDHS]" cards)
(partition 2)
(sort-by (comp card-value first))))

(defn flush? [cs]
(-> cs suits distinct count (= 1)))

(defn straight? [cs]
(let [rnks (ranks cs)
rotated (conj (butlast rnks) (last rnks))]
(or (contains? straights rnks)
(contains? straights rotated)))) ;; try ace first

(defn has-group-of? [n cs]
(some #(= (count %) n) (grouped-ranks cs)))

(def rules
(into (sorted-map-by (comp - compare))
{:9-straight-flush  (every-pred straight? flush?)
:8-four-of-a-kind  #(has-group-of? 4 %)
:7-full-house      (every-pred #(has-group-of? 3 %) #(has-group-of? 2 %))
:6-flush           flush?
:5-straight        straight?
:4-three-of-a-kind #(has-group-of? 3 %)
:3-two-pair        #(= 3 (count (grouped-ranks %)))
:2-one-pair        #(= 4 (count (grouped-ranks %)))
:1-high-card       (constantly true)}))

(defn hand [cards]
(ffirst (filter #((last %) (normalize cards)) rules)))

(defn fix-ace-low-straight [rep]
(if (= rep [:5-straight 14 5 4 3 2])
[:5-straight 5 4 3 2 1] rep))

(defn sortable-rep [cards]
(->> (normalize cards)
grouped-ranks
(sort-by count)
flatten
reverse
(map card-value)
(concat [(hand cards)])
vec
fix-ace-low-straight))

(defn best-hands [hands]
(->> (mapv (juxt sortable-rep identity) hands)
(sort-by first)
(partition-by first)
last
(map last)))``````