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to Queen Attack in the TypeScript Track

Published at Jun 02 2020 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Given the position of two queens on a chess board, indicate whether or not they are positioned so that they can attack each other.

In the game of chess, a queen can attack pieces which are on the same row, column, or diagonal.

A chessboard can be represented by an 8 by 8 array.

So if you're told the white queen is at (2, 3) and the black queen at (5, 6), then you'd know you've got a set-up like so:

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ W _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ B _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

You'd also be able to answer whether the queens can attack each other. In this case, that answer would be yes, they can, because both pieces share a diagonal.

Setup

Go through the setup instructions for TypeScript to install the necessary dependencies:

https://exercism.io/tracks/typescript/installation

Requirements

Install assignment dependencies:

$ yarn install

Making the test suite pass

Execute the tests with:

$ yarn test

In the test suites all tests but the first have been skipped.

Once you get a test passing, you can enable the next one by changing xit to it.

Source

J Dalbey's Programming Practice problems http://users.csc.calpoly.edu/~jdalbey/103/Projects/ProgrammingPractice.html

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

queen-attack.test.ts

import QueenAttack from "./queen-attack"

describe("Queens", () => {
  it("initialized with specific placement", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [3, 7], black: [6, 1] })
    expect(queens.white).toEqual([3, 7])
    expect(queens.black).toEqual([6, 1])
  })

  xit("cannot occupy the same space", () => {
    const positioning: { black: [number, number]; white: [number, number] } = {
      black: [2, 4],
      white: [2, 4]
    }
    const expectedError = "Queens cannot share the same space"
    expect(() => new QueenAttack(positioning)).toThrow(expectedError)
  })

  xit("toString representation", () => {
    const positioning: { black: [number, number]; white: [number, number] } = {
      white: [2, 4],
      black: [6, 6]
    }
    const queens = new QueenAttack(positioning)
    const board = [
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _",
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _",
      "_ _ _ _ W _ _ _",
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _",
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _",
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _",
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ B _",
      "_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _\n"
    ].join("\n")
    expect(queens.toString()).toEqual(board)
  })

  xit("queens cannot attack", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [2, 3], black: [4, 7] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(false)
  })

  xit("queens can attack when they are on the same row", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [2, 4], black: [2, 7] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })

  xit("queens can attack when they are on the same column", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [5, 4], black: [2, 4] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })

  xit("queens can attack diagonally", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [1, 1], black: [6, 6] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })

  xit("queens can attack another diagonally", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [0, 6], black: [1, 7] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })

  xit("queens can attack yet another diagonally", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [4, 1], black: [6, 3] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })

  xit("queens can attack on a north-east/south-west diagonal", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [7, 0], black: [0, 7] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })

  xit("queens can attack on another ne/sw diagonal", () => {
    const queens = new QueenAttack({ white: [2, 6], black: [5, 3] })
    expect(queens.canAttack()).toEqual(true)
  })
})
type Queen = 'white' | 'black';
type BoardLocation = [number, number];

export default class QueenAttack {
  public readonly SIDE_LENGTH = 8;
  public readonly ROW = 0;
  public readonly COLUMN = 1;

  private readonly _black: BoardLocation;
  private readonly _white: BoardLocation;

  constructor(locations: Record<Queen, BoardLocation>) {
    if (this.isSameSquare(locations.black, locations.white)) {
      throw Error('Queens cannot share the same space');
    }

    this._black = locations.black;
    this._white = locations.white;
  }

  public canAttack(): boolean {
    return this.isSameRow() || this.isSameColumn() || this.isSameDiagonal();
  }

  public toString(): string {
    const board = [];

    for (let i = 0; i < this.SIDE_LENGTH; ++i) {
      board.push(this.getRowAsString(i));
    }

    return board.join('\n') + '\n';
  }

  private getRowAsString(rowNumber: number): string {
    const row = ['_', '_', '_', '_', '_', '_', '_', '_'];

    if (rowNumber === this._black[this.ROW]) row[this._black[this.COLUMN]] = 'B';
    if (rowNumber === this._white[this.ROW]) row[this._white[this.COLUMN]] = 'W';

    return row.join(' ');
  }

  private isSameSquare(square1: BoardLocation, square2: BoardLocation): boolean {
    const [row1, column1] = square1;
    const [row2, column2] = square2;

    return row1 === row2 && column1 === column2;
  }

  private isSameRow(): boolean {
    return this._black[this.ROW] === this._white[this.ROW];
  }

  private isSameColumn(): boolean {
    return this._black[this.COLUMN] === this._white[this.COLUMN];
  }

  private isSameDiagonal(): boolean {
    const rowDelta = Math.abs(this._black[this.ROW] - this._white[this.ROW]);
    const columnDelta = Math.abs(this._black[this.COLUMN] - this._white[this.COLUMN]);

    return rowDelta === columnDelta;
  }

  get black(): BoardLocation {
    return this._black;
  }

  get white(): BoardLocation {
    return this._white;
  }
}

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