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to Largest Series Product in the Rust Track

Published at Oct 08 2019 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Given a string of digits, calculate the largest product for a contiguous substring of digits of length n.

For example, for the input '1027839564', the largest product for a series of 3 digits is 270 (9 * 5 * 6), and the largest product for a series of 5 digits is 7560 (7 * 8 * 3 * 9 * 5).

Note that these series are only required to occupy adjacent positions in the input; the digits need not be numerically consecutive.

For the input '73167176531330624919225119674426574742355349194934', the largest product for a series of 6 digits is 23520.

Largest Series Product in Rust

These iterators may be useful, depending on your approach

Rust Installation

Refer to the exercism help page for Rust installation and learning resources.

Writing the Code

Execute the tests with:

$ cargo test

All but the first test have been ignored. After you get the first test to pass, open the tests source file which is located in the tests directory and remove the #[ignore] flag from the next test and get the tests to pass again. Each separate test is a function with #[test] flag above it. Continue, until you pass every test.

If you wish to run all ignored tests without editing the tests source file, use:

$ cargo test -- --ignored

To run a specific test, for example some_test, you can use:

$ cargo test some_test

If the specific test is ignored use:

$ cargo test some_test -- --ignored

To learn more about Rust tests refer to the online test documentation

Make sure to read the Modules chapter if you haven't already, it will help you with organizing your files.

Further improvements

After you have solved the exercise, please consider using the additional utilities, described in the installation guide, to further refine your final solution.

To format your solution, inside the solution directory use

cargo fmt

To see, if your solution contains some common ineffective use cases, inside the solution directory use

cargo clippy --all-targets

Submitting the solution

Generally you should submit all files in which you implemented your solution (src/lib.rs in most cases). If you are using any external crates, please consider submitting the Cargo.toml file. This will make the review process faster and clearer.

Feedback, Issues, Pull Requests

The exercism/rust repository on GitHub is the home for all of the Rust exercises. If you have feedback about an exercise, or want to help implement new exercises, head over there and create an issue. Members of the rust track team are happy to help!

If you want to know more about Exercism, take a look at the contribution guide.

Source

A variation on Problem 8 at Project Euler http://projecteuler.net/problem=8

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

largest-series-product.rs

use largest_series_product::*;

#[test]
fn return_is_a_result() {
    assert!(lsp("29", 2).is_ok());
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn find_the_largest_product_when_span_equals_length() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(18), lsp("29", 2));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn find_the_largest_product_of_two_with_numbers_in_order() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(72), lsp("0123456789", 2));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn find_the_largest_product_of_two_with_numbers_not_in_order() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(48), lsp("576802143", 2));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn find_the_largest_product_of_three_with_numbers_in_order() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(504), lsp("0123456789", 3));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn find_the_largest_product_of_three_with_numbers_not_in_order() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(270), lsp("1027839564", 3));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn find_the_largest_product_of_five_with_numbers_in_order() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(15_120), lsp("0123456789", 5));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn span_of_six_in_a_large_number() {
    assert_eq!(
        Ok(23_520),
        lsp("73167176531330624919225119674426574742355349194934", 6)
    );
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn returns_zero_if_number_is_zeros() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(0), lsp("0000", 2));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn returns_zero_if_all_products_are_zero() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(0), lsp("99099", 3));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn a_span_is_longer_than_number_is_an_error() {
    assert_eq!(Err(Error::SpanTooLong), lsp("123", 4));
}

// There may be some confusion about whether this should be 1 or error.
// The reasoning for it being 1 is this:
// There is one 0-character string contained in the empty string.
// That's the empty string itself.
// The empty product is 1 (the identity for multiplication).
// Therefore LSP('', 0) is 1.
// It's NOT the case that LSP('', 0) takes max of an empty list.
// So there is no error.
// Compare against LSP('123', 4):
// There are zero 4-character strings in '123'.
// So LSP('123', 4) really DOES take the max of an empty list.
// So LSP('123', 4) errors and LSP('', 0) does NOT.
#[test]
#[ignore]
fn an_empty_string_and_no_span_returns_one() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(1), lsp("", 0));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn a_non_empty_string_and_no_span_returns_one() {
    assert_eq!(Ok(1), lsp("123", 0));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn empty_string_and_non_zero_span_is_an_error() {
    assert_eq!(Err(Error::SpanTooLong), lsp("", 1));
}

#[test]
#[ignore]
fn a_string_with_non_digits_is_an_error() {
    assert_eq!(Err(Error::InvalidDigit('a')), lsp("1234a5", 2));
}
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
pub enum Error {
    SpanTooLong,
    InvalidDigit(char),
}

fn product_of_digits(chars: &[char]) -> Result<u64, Error> {
    chars.iter().try_fold(1, |product, c| match c.to_digit(10) {
        Some(i) => Ok(product * u64::from(i)),
        None => Err(Error::InvalidDigit(*c)),
    })
}

pub fn lsp(string_digits: &str, span: usize) -> Result<u64, Error> {
    if span == 0 {
        return Ok(1);
    }

    let digits: Vec<_> = string_digits.chars().collect();
    let products: Vec<_> = digits
        .windows(span)
        .map(product_of_digits)
        .collect::<Result<_, _>>()?;

    products.into_iter().max().ok_or(Error::SpanTooLong)
}

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