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PatrickMcSweeny's solution

to Difference Of Squares in the Rust Track

Published at Mar 09 2019 · 0 comments
Test suite


This exercise has changed since this solution was written.

Find the difference between the square of the sum and the sum of the squares of the first N natural numbers.

The square of the sum of the first ten natural numbers is (1 + 2 + ... + 10)² = 55² = 3025.

The sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is 1² + 2² + ... + 10² = 385.

Hence the difference between the square of the sum of the first ten natural numbers and the sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is 3025 - 385 = 2640.

You are not expected to discover an efficient solution to this yourself from first principles; research is allowed, indeed, encouraged. Finding the best algorithm for the problem is a key skill in software engineering.

Rust Installation

Refer to the exercism help page for Rust installation and learning resources.

Writing the Code

Execute the tests with:

$ cargo test

All but the first test have been ignored. After you get the first test to pass, open the tests source file which is located in the tests directory and remove the #[ignore] flag from the next test and get the tests to pass again. Each separate test is a function with #[test] flag above it. Continue, until you pass every test.

If you wish to run all tests without editing the tests source file, use:

$ cargo test -- --ignored

To run a specific test, for example some_test, you can use:

$ cargo test some_test

If the specific test is ignored use:

$ cargo test some_test -- --ignored

To learn more about Rust tests refer to the online test documentation

Make sure to read the Modules chapter if you haven't already, it will help you with organizing your files.

Further improvements

After you have solved the exercise, please consider using the additional utilities, described in the installation guide, to further refine your final solution.

To format your solution, inside the solution directory use

cargo fmt

To see, if your solution contains some common ineffective use cases, inside the solution directory use

cargo clippy --all-targets

Submitting the solution

Generally you should submit all files in which you implemented your solution (src/lib.rs in most cases). If you are using any external crates, please consider submitting the Cargo.toml file. This will make the review process faster and clearer.

Feedback, Issues, Pull Requests

The exercism/rust repository on GitHub is the home for all of the Rust exercises. If you have feedback about an exercise, or want to help implement new exercises, head over there and create an issue. Members of the rust track team are happy to help!

If you want to know more about Exercism, take a look at the contribution guide.


Problem 6 at Project Euler http://projecteuler.net/problem=6

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.


use difference_of_squares as squares;

fn test_square_of_sum_1() {
    assert_eq!(1, squares::square_of_sum(1));

fn test_square_of_sum_5() {
    assert_eq!(225, squares::square_of_sum(5));

fn test_square_of_sum_100() {
    assert_eq!(25502500, squares::square_of_sum(100));

fn test_sum_of_squares_1() {
    assert_eq!(1, squares::sum_of_squares(1));

fn test_sum_of_squares_5() {
    assert_eq!(55, squares::sum_of_squares(5));

fn test_sum_of_squares_100() {
    assert_eq!(338350, squares::sum_of_squares(100));

fn test_difference_1() {
    assert_eq!(0, squares::difference(1));

fn test_difference_5() {
    assert_eq!(170, squares::difference(5));

fn test_difference_100() {
    assert_eq!(25164150, squares::difference(100));
pub fn square_of_sum(n: u32) -> u32 {
    let sum: u32 = (1..=n).sum();

pub fn sum_of_squares(n: u32) -> u32 {
    (1..=n).fold(0, |sum, n| sum + n.pow(2))

pub fn difference(n: u32) -> u32 {
    square_of_sum(n) - sum_of_squares(n)

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