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hariscodes's solution

to Difference Of Squares in the Rust Track

Published at Jul 13 2020 · 0 comments
Test suite

Find the difference between the square of the sum and the sum of the squares of the first N natural numbers.

The square of the sum of the first ten natural numbers is (1 + 2 + ... + 10)² = 55² = 3025.

The sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is 1² + 2² + ... + 10² = 385.

Hence the difference between the square of the sum of the first ten natural numbers and the sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is 3025 - 385 = 2640.

You are not expected to discover an efficient solution to this yourself from first principles; research is allowed, indeed, encouraged. Finding the best algorithm for the problem is a key skill in software engineering.

Rust Installation

Refer to the exercism help page for Rust installation and learning resources.

Writing the Code

Execute the tests with:

$ cargo test

All but the first test have been ignored. After you get the first test to pass, open the tests source file which is located in the tests directory and remove the #[ignore] flag from the next test and get the tests to pass again. Each separate test is a function with #[test] flag above it. Continue, until you pass every test.

If you wish to run all ignored tests without editing the tests source file, use:

$ cargo test -- --ignored

To run a specific test, for example some_test, you can use:

$ cargo test some_test

If the specific test is ignored use:

$ cargo test some_test -- --ignored

To learn more about Rust tests refer to the online test documentation

Make sure to read the Modules chapter if you haven't already, it will help you with organizing your files.

Further improvements

After you have solved the exercise, please consider using the additional utilities, described in the installation guide, to further refine your final solution.

To format your solution, inside the solution directory use

cargo fmt

To see, if your solution contains some common ineffective use cases, inside the solution directory use

cargo clippy --all-targets

Submitting the solution

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Problem 6 at Project Euler http://projecteuler.net/problem=6

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.


use difference_of_squares as squares;

fn test_square_of_sum_1() {
    assert_eq!(1, squares::square_of_sum(1));

fn test_square_of_sum_5() {
    assert_eq!(225, squares::square_of_sum(5));

fn test_square_of_sum_100() {
    assert_eq!(25_502_500, squares::square_of_sum(100));

fn test_sum_of_squares_1() {
    assert_eq!(1, squares::sum_of_squares(1));

fn test_sum_of_squares_5() {
    assert_eq!(55, squares::sum_of_squares(5));

fn test_sum_of_squares_100() {
    assert_eq!(338_350, squares::sum_of_squares(100));

fn test_difference_1() {
    assert_eq!(0, squares::difference(1));

fn test_difference_5() {
    assert_eq!(170, squares::difference(5));

fn test_difference_100() {
    assert_eq!(25_164_150, squares::difference(100));
pub fn square_of_sum(n: u32) -> u32 {

pub fn sum_of_squares(n: u32) -> u32 {
    let mut sum: u32 = 0;
    for i in 0..=n {
        sum += i.pow(2);

pub fn difference(n: u32) -> u32 {
    square_of_sum(n) - sum_of_squares(n)

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hariscodes's Reflection

The square-of-sums one liner transforms a std::ops::Range into a vector. I couldn't figure out how to go straight from a range to an iterator, so I went to a vector first. After that we can run sum() on the iterator and then square it with pow(2).

The sum-of-squares function is just a simple for loop, which I think is more idiomatic. I couldn't get this one as a one liner as, for some reason, the for_each function on my created iterator was expecting a () closure, instead of the u32 I was passing it. Weird.