ðŸŽ‰ Exercism Research is now launched. Help Exercism, help science and have some fun at research.exercism.io ðŸŽ‰

Published at Jul 13 2018
·
1 comment

Instructions

Test suite

Solution

Use the Sieve of Eratosthenes to find all the primes from 2 up to a given number.

The Sieve of Eratosthenes is a simple, ancient algorithm for finding all prime numbers up to any given limit. It does so by iteratively marking as composite (i.e. not prime) the multiples of each prime, starting with the multiples of 2.

Create your range, starting at two and continuing up to and including the given limit. (i.e. [2, limit])

The algorithm consists of repeating the following over and over:

- take the next available unmarked number in your list (it is prime)
- mark all the multiples of that number (they are not prime)

Repeat until you have processed each number in your range.

When the algorithm terminates, all the numbers in the list that have not been marked are prime.

The wikipedia article has a useful graphic that explains the algorithm: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sieve_of_Eratosthenes

Notice that this is a very specific algorithm, and the tests don't check that you've implemented the algorithm, only that you've come up with the correct list of primes.

For installation and learning resources, refer to the exercism help page.

For running the tests provided, you will need the Minitest gem. Open a terminal window and run the following command to install minitest:

```
gem install minitest
```

If you would like color output, you can `require 'minitest/pride'`

in
the test file, or note the alternative instruction, below, for running
the test file.

Run the tests from the exercise directory using the following command:

```
ruby sieve_test.rb
```

To include color from the command line:

```
ruby -r minitest/pride sieve_test.rb
```

Sieve of Eratosthenes at Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sieve_of_Eratosthenes

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

```
require 'minitest/autorun'
require_relative 'sieve'
# Common test data version: 1.0.0 f2b2693
class SieveTest < Minitest::Test
def test_no_primes_under_two
# skip
expected = []
assert_equal expected, Sieve.new(1).primes
end
def test_find_first_prime
skip
expected = [2]
assert_equal expected, Sieve.new(2).primes
end
def test_find_primes_up_to_10
skip
expected = [2, 3, 5, 7]
assert_equal expected, Sieve.new(10).primes
end
def test_limit_is_prime
skip
expected = [2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13]
assert_equal expected, Sieve.new(13).primes
end
def test_find_primes_up_to_1000
skip
expected = [
2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59,
61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97, 101, 103, 107, 109, 113, 127, 131, 137, 139,
149, 151, 157, 163, 167, 173, 179, 181, 191, 193, 197, 199, 211, 223, 227, 229, 233,
239, 241, 251, 257, 263, 269, 271, 277, 281, 283, 293, 307, 311, 313, 317, 331, 337,
347, 349, 353, 359, 367, 373, 379, 383, 389, 397, 401, 409, 419, 421, 431, 433, 439,
443, 449, 457, 461, 463, 467, 479, 487, 491, 499, 503, 509, 521, 523, 541, 547, 557,
563, 569, 571, 577, 587, 593, 599, 601, 607, 613, 617, 619, 631, 641, 643, 647, 653,
659, 661, 673, 677, 683, 691, 701, 709, 719, 727, 733, 739, 743, 751, 757, 761, 769,
773, 787, 797, 809, 811, 821, 823, 827, 829, 839, 853, 857, 859, 863, 877, 881, 883,
887, 907, 911, 919, 929, 937, 941, 947, 953, 967, 971, 977, 983, 991, 997
]
assert_equal expected, Sieve.new(1000).primes
end
# Problems in exercism evolve over time, as we find better ways to ask
# questions.
# The version number refers to the version of the problem you solved,
# not your solution.
#
# Define a constant named VERSION inside of the top level BookKeeping
# module, which may be placed near the end of your file.
#
# In your file, it will look like this:
#
# module BookKeeping
# VERSION = 1 # Where the version number matches the one in the test.
# end
#
# If you are curious, read more about constants on RubyDoc:
# http://ruby-doc.org/docs/ruby-doc-bundle/UsersGuide/rg/constants.html
def test_bookkeeping
skip
assert_equal 1, BookKeeping::VERSION
end
end
```

```
class Sieve
def initialize(limit)
@limit = limit
end
def primes
numbers = (2..limit).to_a
numbers.each do |prime|
remove_multiples_from_list(numbers, prime)
end
end
private
attr_reader :limit
def remove_multiples_from_list(list, number)
factor = 2
while (multiple = number * factor) <= limit
list.delete multiple
factor += 1
end
end
end
module BookKeeping
VERSION = 1
end
```

A huge amount can be learned from reading other peopleâ€™s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

- What compromises have been made?
- Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?

Level up your programming skills with 3,449 exercises across 52 languages, and insightful discussion with our volunteer team of welcoming mentors.
Exercism is
**100% free forever**.

## Community comments

Turns out I don't even need the primes array, which makes sense.

Usually manipulating an array you're iterating over can lead to pretty unexpected behavior. Interestingly for this problem that "unexpected" behavior is really useful.

Instead of marking multiples I'm removing them from the numbers list. The end result are the prime numbers ?