# rootulp's solution

## to Say in the Ruby Track

Published at Jul 13 2018 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

#### Note:

This solution was written on an old version of Exercism. The tests below might not correspond to the solution code, and the exercise may have changed since this code was written.

Given a number from 0 to 999,999,999,999, spell out that number in English.

## Step 1

Handle the basic case of 0 through 99.

If the input to the program is `22`, then the output should be `'twenty-two'`.

Your program should complain loudly if given a number outside the blessed range.

Some good test cases for this program are:

• 0
• 14
• 50
• 98
• -1
• 100

### Extension

If you're on a Mac, shell out to Mac OS X's `say` program to talk out loud.

## Step 2

Implement breaking a number up into chunks of thousands.

So `1234567890` should yield a list like 1, 234, 567, and 890, while the far simpler `1000` should yield just 1 and 0.

The program must also report any values that are out of range.

## Step 3

Now handle inserting the appropriate scale word between those chunks.

So `1234567890` should yield `'1 billion 234 million 567 thousand 890'`

The program must also report any values that are out of range. It's fine to stop at "trillion".

## Step 4

Put it all together to get nothing but plain English.

`12345` should give `twelve thousand three hundred forty-five`.

The program must also report any values that are out of range.

### Extensions

Use and (correctly) when spelling out the number in English:

• 14 becomes "fourteen".
• 100 becomes "one hundred".
• 120 becomes "one hundred and twenty".
• 1002 becomes "one thousand and two".
• 1323 becomes "one thousand three hundred and twenty-three".

For installation and learning resources, refer to the exercism help page.

For running the tests provided, you will need the Minitest gem. Open a terminal window and run the following command to install minitest:

``````gem install minitest
``````

If you would like color output, you can `require 'minitest/pride'` in the test file, or note the alternative instruction, below, for running the test file.

Run the tests from the exercise directory using the following command:

``````ruby say_test.rb
``````

To include color from the command line:

``````ruby -r minitest/pride say_test.rb
``````

## Source

A variation on JavaRanch CattleDrive, exercise 4a http://www.javaranch.com/say.jsp

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

### say_test.rb

``````require 'minitest/autorun'
require_relative 'say'

# Common test data version: 1.0.0 be403e1
class SayTest < Minitest::Test
def test_zero
# skip
question = 0
assert_equal('zero', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one
skip
question = 1
assert_equal('one', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_fourteen
skip
question = 14
assert_equal('fourteen', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_twenty
skip
question = 20
assert_equal('twenty', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_twenty_two
skip
question = 22
assert_equal('twenty-two', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_hundred
skip
question = 100
assert_equal('one hundred', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_hundred_twenty_three
skip
question = 123
assert_equal('one hundred twenty-three', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_thousand
skip
question = 1_000
assert_equal('one thousand', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_thousand_two_hundred_thirty_four
skip
question = 1_234
assert_equal('one thousand two hundred thirty-four', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_million
skip
question = 1_000_000
assert_equal('one million', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_million_two_thousand_three_hundred_forty_five
skip
question = 1_002_345
assert_equal('one million two thousand three hundred forty-five', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_one_billion
skip
question = 1_000_000_000
assert_equal('one billion', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_a_big_number
skip
question = 987_654_321_123
assert_equal('nine hundred eighty-seven billion six hundred fifty-four million three hundred twenty-one thousand one hundred twenty-three', Say.new(question).in_english)
end

def test_numbers_below_zero_are_out_of_range
skip
question = -1
assert_raises ArgumentError do
Say.new(question).in_english
end
end

def test_numbers_above_999999999999_are_out_of_range
skip
question = 1_000_000_000_000
assert_raises ArgumentError do
Say.new(question).in_english
end
end

# Problems in exercism evolve over time, as we find better ways to ask
# questions.
# The version number refers to the version of the problem you solved,
#
# Define a constant named VERSION inside of the top level BookKeeping
# module, which may be placed near the end of your file.
#
# In your file, it will look like this:
#
# module BookKeeping
#   VERSION = 1 # Where the version number matches the one in the test.
# end
#
# http://ruby-doc.org/docs/ruby-doc-bundle/UsersGuide/rg/constants.html

def test_bookkeeping
skip
assert_equal 1, BookKeeping::VERSION
end
end``````
``````# Say
class Say
UNITS = {
1 => 'thousand',
2 => 'million',
3 => 'billion'
}.freeze
TENS = {
90 => 'ninety',
80 => 'eighty',
70 => 'seventy',
60 => 'sixty',
50 => 'fifty',
40 => 'forty',
30 => 'thirty',
20 => 'twenty'
}.freeze
TEENS = {
19 => 'nineteen',
17 => 'seventeen',
16 => 'sixteen',
15 => 'fifteen',
14 => 'fourteen',
13 => 'thirteen',
12 => 'twelve',
11 => 'eleven',
10 => 'ten'
}.freeze
DIGITS = {
9 => 'nine',
8 => 'eight',
7 => 'seven',
6 => 'six',
5 => 'five',
4 => 'four',
3 => 'three',
2 => 'two',
1 => 'one'
}.freeze

ACCEPTED_RANGE = 0...1_000_000_000_000

def initialize(number)
raise ArgumentError unless ACCEPTED_RANGE.include?(number)
@number = number
end

def in_english
number_to_words(number)
end

private

def number_to_words(number)
return 'zero' if number == 0
result = ''
chunks = chunkify(number)
chunks.each_with_index do |chunk, index|
val = chunk_for(chunk)
units = UNITS[index]
result.prepend("#{val} #{units} ") if val
end
result.strip
end

def chunkify(number)
chunks = []
while number > 0
number, chunk = number.divmod(1000)
chunks << chunk
end
chunks
end

def chunk_for(number)
return DIGITS[number] if number < 10
return TEENS[number] if number < 20
general_case(number)
end

def general_case(number)
hundreds_digit, leftover_digits = number.divmod(100)
tens_digit, ones_digit = leftover_digits.divmod(10)
hundreds = DIGITS[hundreds_digit] || nil
tens = TENS[tens_digit * 10] || nil
ones = DIGITS[ones_digit] || nil
format(hundreds, tens, ones)
end

def format(hundreds, tens, ones)
result = ''
result += "#{hundreds} hundred " if hundreds
result += tens.to_s if tens
result += "-#{ones}" if ones
result.strip
end
end``````