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to ETL in the Ruby Track

Published at Jul 13 2018 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

We are going to do the Transform step of an Extract-Transform-Load.

ETL

Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) is a fancy way of saying, "We have some crufty, legacy data over in this system, and now we need it in this shiny new system over here, so we're going to migrate this."

(Typically, this is followed by, "We're only going to need to run this once." That's then typically followed by much forehead slapping and moaning about how stupid we could possibly be.)

The goal

We're going to extract some scrabble scores from a legacy system.

The old system stored a list of letters per score:

  • 1 point: "A", "E", "I", "O", "U", "L", "N", "R", "S", "T",
  • 2 points: "D", "G",
  • 3 points: "B", "C", "M", "P",
  • 4 points: "F", "H", "V", "W", "Y",
  • 5 points: "K",
  • 8 points: "J", "X",
  • 10 points: "Q", "Z",

The shiny new scrabble system instead stores the score per letter, which makes it much faster and easier to calculate the score for a word. It also stores the letters in lower-case regardless of the case of the input letters:

  • "a" is worth 1 point.
  • "b" is worth 3 points.
  • "c" is worth 3 points.
  • "d" is worth 2 points.
  • Etc.

Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is to transform the legacy data format to the shiny new format.

Notes

A final note about scoring, Scrabble is played around the world in a variety of languages, each with its own unique scoring table. For example, an "E" is scored at 2 in the Māori-language version of the game while being scored at 4 in the Hawaiian-language version.


For installation and learning resources, refer to the Ruby resources page.

For running the tests provided, you will need the Minitest gem. Open a terminal window and run the following command to install minitest:

gem install minitest

If you would like color output, you can require 'minitest/pride' in the test file, or note the alternative instruction, below, for running the test file.

Run the tests from the exercise directory using the following command:

ruby etl_test.rb

To include color from the command line:

ruby -r minitest/pride etl_test.rb

Source

The Jumpstart Lab team http://jumpstartlab.com

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

etl_test.rb

require 'minitest/autorun'
require_relative 'etl'

# Common test data version: 1.0.0 ca9ed58
class EtlTest < Minitest::Test
  def test_a_single_letter
    # skip
    old = {
      1 => ["A"]
    }
    expected = {
      'a' => 1
    }
    assert_equal expected, ETL.transform(old)
  end

  def test_single_score_with_multiple_letters
    skip
    old = {
      1 => ["A", "E", "I", "O", "U"]
    }
    expected = {
      'a' => 1,
      'e' => 1,
      'i' => 1,
      'o' => 1,
      'u' => 1
    }
    assert_equal expected, ETL.transform(old)
  end

  def test_multiple_scores_with_multiple_letters
    skip
    old = {
      1 => ["A", "E"],
      2 => ["D", "G"]
    }
    expected = {
      'a' => 1,
      'd' => 2,
      'e' => 1,
      'g' => 2
    }
    assert_equal expected, ETL.transform(old)
  end

  def test_multiple_scores_with_differing_numbers_of_letters
    skip
    old = {
      1 => ["A", "E", "I", "O", "U", "L", "N", "R", "S", "T"],
      2 => ["D", "G"],
      3 => ["B", "C", "M", "P"],
      4 => ["F", "H", "V", "W", "Y"],
      5 => ["K"],
      8 => ["J", "X"],
      10 => ["Q", "Z"]
    }
    expected = {
      'a' => 1,
      'b' => 3,
      'c' => 3,
      'd' => 2,
      'e' => 1,
      'f' => 4,
      'g' => 2,
      'h' => 4,
      'i' => 1,
      'j' => 8,
      'k' => 5,
      'l' => 1,
      'm' => 3,
      'n' => 1,
      'o' => 1,
      'p' => 3,
      'q' => 10,
      'r' => 1,
      's' => 1,
      't' => 1,
      'u' => 1,
      'v' => 4,
      'w' => 4,
      'x' => 8,
      'y' => 4,
      'z' => 10
    }
    assert_equal expected, ETL.transform(old)
  end
end
module ETL
  module_function

  def transform(scores)
    scores.each_with_object({}, &method(:transform_letters))
  end

  def transform_letters((point_value, letters), new_scores)
    letters.each do |letter|
      new_scores[letter.downcase] = point_value
    end
  end
  private_class_method :transform_letters
end

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