# rootulp's solution

## to Yacht in the Python Track

Published at Apr 11 2021 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

# Score a single throw of dice in Yacht

The dice game Yacht is from the same family as Poker Dice, Generala and particularly Yahtzee, of which it is a precursor. In the game, five dice are rolled and the result can be entered in any of twelve categories. The score of a throw of the dice depends on category chosen.

## Scores in Yacht

Category Score Description Example
Ones 1 ร number of ones Any combination 1 1 1 4 5 scores 3
Twos 2 ร number of twos Any combination 2 2 3 4 5 scores 4
Threes 3 ร number of threes Any combination 3 3 3 3 3 scores 15
Fours 4 ร number of fours Any combination 1 2 3 3 5 scores 0
Fives 5 ร number of fives Any combination 5 1 5 2 5 scores 15
Sixes 6 ร number of sixes Any combination 2 3 4 5 6 scores 6
Full House Total of the dice Three of one number and two of another 3 3 3 5 5 scores 19
Four of a Kind Total of the four dice At least four dice showing the same face 4 4 4 4 6 scores 16
Little Straight 30 points 1-2-3-4-5 1 2 3 4 5 scores 30
Big Straight 30 points 2-3-4-5-6 2 3 4 5 6 scores 30
Choice Sum of the dice Any combination 2 3 3 4 6 scores 18
Yacht 50 points All five dice showing the same face 4 4 4 4 4 scores 50

If the dice do not satisfy the requirements of a category, the score is zero. If, for example, Four Of A Kind is entered in the Yacht category, zero points are scored. A Yacht scores zero if entered in the Full House category.

Given a list of values for five dice and a category, your solution should return the score of the dice for that category. If the dice do not satisfy the requirements of the category your solution should return 0. You can assume that five values will always be presented, and the value of each will be between one and six inclusively. You should not assume that the dice are ordered.

## Exception messages

Sometimes it is necessary to raise an exception. When you do this, you should include a meaningful error message to indicate what the source of the error is. This makes your code more readable and helps significantly with debugging. Not every exercise will require you to raise an exception, but for those that do, the tests will only pass if you include a message.

To raise a message with an exception, just write it as an argument to the exception type. For example, instead of `raise Exception`, you should write:

``````raise Exception("Meaningful message indicating the source of the error")
``````

## Running the tests

To run the tests, run `pytest yacht_test.py`

Alternatively, you can tell Python to run the pytest module: `python -m pytest yacht_test.py`

### Common `pytest` options

• `-v` : enable verbose output
• `-x` : stop running tests on first failure
• `--ff` : run failures from previous test before running other test cases

For other options, see `python -m pytest -h`

## Submitting Exercises

Note that, when trying to submit an exercise, make sure the solution is in the `\$EXERCISM_WORKSPACE/python/yacht` directory.

You can find your Exercism workspace by running `exercism debug` and looking for the line that starts with `Workspace`.

For more detailed information about running tests, code style and linting, please see Running the Tests.

## Source

James Kilfiger, using wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yacht_(dice_game)

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

### yacht_test.py

``````import unittest

import yacht

class YachtTest(unittest.TestCase):
def test_yacht(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([5, 5, 5, 5, 5], yacht.YACHT), 50)

def test_not_yacht(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 3, 3, 2, 5], yacht.YACHT), 0)

def test_ones(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 1, 1, 3, 5], yacht.ONES), 3)

def test_ones_out_of_order(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 1, 1, 5, 1], yacht.ONES), 3)

def test_no_ones(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([4, 3, 6, 5, 5], yacht.ONES), 0)

def test_twos(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([2, 3, 4, 5, 6], yacht.TWOS), 2)

def test_fours(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 4, 1, 4, 1], yacht.FOURS), 8)

def test_yacht_counted_as_threes(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 3, 3, 3, 3], yacht.THREES), 15)

def test_yacht_of_3s_counted_as_fives(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 3, 3, 3, 3], yacht.FIVES), 0)

def test_sixes(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([2, 3, 4, 5, 6], yacht.SIXES), 6)

def test_full_house_two_small_three_big(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([2, 2, 4, 4, 4], yacht.FULL_HOUSE), 16)

def test_full_house_three_small_two_big(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([5, 3, 3, 5, 3], yacht.FULL_HOUSE), 19)

def test_two_pair_is_not_a_full_house(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([2, 2, 4, 4, 5], yacht.FULL_HOUSE), 0)

def test_four_of_a_kind_is_not_a_full_house(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 4, 4, 4, 4], yacht.FULL_HOUSE), 0)

def test_yacht_is_not_a_full_house(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([2, 2, 2, 2, 2], yacht.FULL_HOUSE), 0)

def test_four_of_a_kind(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([6, 6, 4, 6, 6], yacht.FOUR_OF_A_KIND), 24)

def test_yacht_can_be_scored_as_four_of_a_kind(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 3, 3, 3, 3], yacht.FOUR_OF_A_KIND), 12)

def test_full_house_is_not_four_of_a_kind(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 3, 3, 5, 5], yacht.FOUR_OF_A_KIND), 0)

def test_little_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 5, 4, 1, 2], yacht.LITTLE_STRAIGHT), 30)

def test_little_straight_as_big_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 2, 3, 4, 5], yacht.BIG_STRAIGHT), 0)

def test_four_in_order_but_not_a_little_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 1, 2, 3, 4], yacht.LITTLE_STRAIGHT), 0)

def test_no_pairs_but_not_a_little_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 2, 3, 4, 6], yacht.LITTLE_STRAIGHT), 0)

def test_minimum_is_1_maximum_is_5_but_not_a_little_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([1, 1, 3, 4, 5], yacht.LITTLE_STRAIGHT), 0)

def test_big_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([4, 6, 2, 5, 3], yacht.BIG_STRAIGHT), 30)

def test_big_straight_as_little_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([6, 5, 4, 3, 2], yacht.LITTLE_STRAIGHT), 0)

def test_no_pairs_but_not_a_big_straight(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([6, 5, 4, 3, 1], yacht.BIG_STRAIGHT), 0)

def test_choice(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([3, 3, 5, 6, 6], yacht.CHOICE), 23)

def test_yacht_as_choice(self):
self.assertEqual(yacht.score([2, 2, 2, 2, 2], yacht.CHOICE), 10)

if __name__ == "__main__":
unittest.main()``````
``````from collections import Counter

# Score categories
ONES = "ONES"
TWOS = "TWOS"
THREES = "THREES"
FOURS = "FOURS"
FIVES = "FIVES"
SIXES = "SIXES"
FULL_HOUSE = "FULL_HOUSE"
FOUR_OF_A_KIND = "FOUR_OF_A_KIND"
STRAIGHT = "STRAIGHT"
LITTLE_STRAIGHT = "LITTLE_STRAIGHT"
BIG_STRAIGHT = "BIG_STRAIGHT"
CHOICE = "CHOICE"
YACHT = "YACHT"

# Score per category
scores = {
ONES: 1,
TWOS: 2,
THREES: 3,
FOURS: 4,
FIVES: 5,
SIXES: 6,
STRAIGHT: 30,
YACHT: 50,
}

def score_ones(dice):
return scores[ONES] * dice.count(1)

def score_twos(dice):
return scores[TWOS] * dice.count(2)

def score_threes(dice):
return scores[THREES] * dice.count(3)

def score_fours(dice):
return scores[FOURS] * dice.count(4)

def score_fives(dice):
return scores[FIVES] * dice.count(5)

def score_sixes(dice):
return scores[SIXES] * dice.count(6)

def score_full_house(dice):
return sum(dice) if sorted(set(Counter(dice).values())) == [2, 3] else 0

def score_four_of_a_kind(dice):
counter = Counter(dice)
if 4 in set(counter.values()):
for k, v in counter.items():
if v == 4:
return k * 4
if 5 in set(counter.values()):
return dice[0] * 4
return 0

def score_little_straight(dice):
return scores[STRAIGHT] if sorted(dice) == [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] else 0

def score_big_straight(dice):
return scores[STRAIGHT] if sorted(dice) == [2, 3, 4, 5, 6] else 0

def score_choice(dice):
return sum(dice)

def score_yacht(dice):
return scores[YACHT] if len(set(dice)) == 1 else 0

def score(dice, category):
if (category == ONES):
return score_ones(dice)
if (category == TWOS):
return score_twos(dice)
if (category == THREES):
return score_threes(dice)
if (category == FOURS):
return score_fours(dice)
if (category == FIVES):
return score_fives(dice)
if (category == SIXES):
return score_sixes(dice)
if (category == FULL_HOUSE):
return score_full_house(dice)
if (category == FOUR_OF_A_KIND):
return score_four_of_a_kind(dice)
if (category == LITTLE_STRAIGHT):
return score_little_straight(dice)
if (category == BIG_STRAIGHT):
return score_big_straight(dice)
if (category == CHOICE):
return score_choice(dice)
if (category == YACHT):
return score_yacht(dice)``````