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rootulp's solution

to Resistor Color Duo in the Python Track

Published at Feb 03 2020 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Note:

This exercise has changed since this solution was written.

If you want to build something using a Raspberry Pi, you'll probably use resistors. For this exercise, you need to know two things about them:

  • Each resistor has a resistance value.
  • Resistors are small - so small in fact that if you printed the resistance value on them, it would be hard to read. To get around this problem, manufacturers print color-coded bands onto the resistors to denote their resistance values. Each band acts as a digit of a number. For example, if they printed a brown band (value 1) followed by a green band (value 5), it would translate to the number 15.

In this exercise, you are going to create a helpful program so that you don't have to remember the values of the bands. The program will take two colors as input, and output the correct number.

The band colors are encoded as follows:

  • Black: 0
  • Brown: 1
  • Red: 2
  • Orange: 3
  • Yellow: 4
  • Green: 5
  • Blue: 6
  • Violet: 7
  • Grey: 8
  • White: 9

Exception messages

Sometimes it is necessary to raise an exception. When you do this, you should include a meaningful error message to indicate what the source of the error is. This makes your code more readable and helps significantly with debugging. Not every exercise will require you to raise an exception, but for those that do, the tests will only pass if you include a message.

To raise a message with an exception, just write it as an argument to the exception type. For example, instead of raise Exception, you should write:

raise Exception("Meaningful message indicating the source of the error")

Running the tests

To run the tests, run the appropriate command below (why they are different):

  • Python 2.7: py.test resistor_color_duo_test.py
  • Python 3.4+: pytest resistor_color_duo_test.py

Alternatively, you can tell Python to run the pytest module (allowing the same command to be used regardless of Python version): python -m pytest resistor_color_duo_test.py

Common pytest options

  • -v : enable verbose output
  • -x : stop running tests on first failure
  • --ff : run failures from previous test before running other test cases

For other options, see python -m pytest -h

Submitting Exercises

Note that, when trying to submit an exercise, make sure the solution is in the $EXERCISM_WORKSPACE/python/resistor-color-duo directory.

You can find your Exercism workspace by running exercism debug and looking for the line that starts with Workspace.

For more detailed information about running tests, code style and linting, please see Running the Tests.

Source

Maud de Vries, Erik Schierboom https://github.com/exercism/problem-specifications/issues/1464

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

resistor_color_duo_test.py

import unittest

from resistor_color_duo import value

# Tests adapted from `problem-specifications//canonical-data.json` @ v2.1.0


class ResistorColorDuoTest(unittest.TestCase):
    def test_brown_and_black(self):
        self.assertEqual(value(["brown", "black"]), 10)

    def test_blue_and_grey(self):
        self.assertEqual(value(["blue", "grey"]), 68)

    def test_yellow_and_violet(self):
        self.assertEqual(value(["yellow", "violet"]), 47)

    def test_orange_and_orange(self):
        self.assertEqual(value(["orange", "orange"]), 33)

    def test_ignore_additional_colors(self):
        self.assertEqual(value(["green", "brown", "orange"]), 51)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    unittest.main()
# The band colors are encoded as follows:
# Black: 0
# Brown: 1
# Red: 2
# Orange: 3
# Yellow: 4
# Green: 5
# Blue: 6
# Violet: 7
# Grey: 8
# White: 9

RESISTANCE_VALUES = {
    "black": 0,
    "brown": 1,
    "red": 2,
    "orange": 3,
    "yellow": 4,
    "green": 5,
    "blue": 6,
    "violet": 7,
    "grey": 8,
    "white": 9,
}


def value(colors):
    colors = colors[0:2]  # Ignore additional colors
    return int("".join([str(RESISTANCE_VALUES[color]) for color in colors]))

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