Given a year, report if it is a leap year.
The tricky thing here is that a leap year in the Gregorian calendar occurs:
on every year that is evenly divisible by 4 except every year that is evenly divisible by 100 unless the year is also evenly divisible by 400
For example, 1997 is not a leap year, but 1996 is. 1900 is not a leap year, but 2000 is.
If your language provides a method in the standard library that does this look-up, pretend it doesn't exist and implement it yourself.
Though our exercise adopts some very simple rules, there is more to learn!
For a delightful, four minute explanation of the whole leap year phenomenon, go watch this youtube video.
Sometimes it is necessary to raise an exception. When you do this, you should include a meaningful error message to indicate what the source of the error is. This makes your code more readable and helps significantly with debugging. Not every exercise will require you to raise an exception, but for those that do, the tests will only pass if you include a message.
To raise a message with an exception, just write it as an argument to the exception type. For example, instead of
raise Exception, you should write:
raise Exception("Meaningful message indicating the source of the error")
To run the tests, run the appropriate command below (why they are different):
Alternatively, you can tell Python to run the pytest module (allowing the same command to be used regardless of Python version):
python -m pytest leap_test.py
-v: enable verbose output
-x: stop running tests on first failure
--ff: run failures from previous test before running other test cases
For other options, see
python -m pytest -h
Note that, when trying to submit an exercise, make sure the solution is in the
You can find your Exercism workspace by running
exercism debug and looking for the line that starts with
For more detailed information about running tests, code style and linting, please see the help page.
JavaRanch Cattle Drive, exercise 3 http://www.javaranch.com/leap.jsp
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.
import unittest from leap import is_leap_year # Tests adapted from `problem-specifications//canonical-data.json` @ v1.3.0 class LeapTest(unittest.TestCase): def test_year_not_divisible_by_4(self): self.assertIs(is_leap_year(2015), False) def test_year_divisible_by_4_not_divisible_by_100(self): self.assertIs(is_leap_year(1996), True) def test_year_divisible_by_100_not_divisible_by_400(self): self.assertIs(is_leap_year(2100), False) def test_year_divisible_by_400(self): self.assertIs(is_leap_year(2000), True) if __name__ == '__main__': unittest.main()
def is_leap_year(year): return (year % 4 == 0) & ((year % 100 != 0) | (year % 400 == 0))
A huge amount can be learned from reading other people’s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.
Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.