Avatar of donut

donut's solution

to Grade School in the OCaml Track

Published at Aug 27 2018 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Note:

This exercise has changed since this solution was written.

Given students' names along with the grade that they are in, create a roster for the school.

In the end, you should be able to:

  • Start with an empty school.
  • Add a student's name to the roster for a grade
    • "Add Jim to grade 2."
    • "OK."
  • Get a list of all students enrolled in a grade
    • "Which students are in grade 2?"
    • "We've only got Jim just now."
  • Get a sorted list of all students in all grades. Grades should sort as 1, 2, 3, etc., and students within a grade should be sorted alphabetically by name.
    • "Who all is enrolled in school right now?"
    • "Grade 1: Anna, Barb, and Charlie. Grade 2: Alex, Peter, and Zoe. Grade 3…"

Note that all our students only have one name. (It's a small town, what do you want?)

Getting Started

For installation and learning resources, refer to the exercism help page.

Installation

To work on the exercises, you will need Opam and Core. Consult opam website for instructions on how to install opam for your OS. Once opam is installed open a terminal window and run the following command to install core:

opam install core

To run the tests you will need OUnit. Install it using opam:

opam install ounit

Running Tests

A Makefile is provided with a default target to compile your solution and run the tests. At the command line, type:

make

Interactive Shell

utop is a command line program which allows you to run Ocaml code interactively. The easiest way to install it is via opam:

opam install utop

Consult utop for more detail.

Feedback, Issues, Pull Requests

The exercism/ocaml repository on GitHub is the home for all of the Ocaml exercises.

If you have feedback about an exercise, or want to help implementing a new one, head over there and create an issue. We'll do our best to help you!

Source

A pairing session with Phil Battos at gSchool http://gschool.it

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

test.ml

open OUnit2
open Grade_school

let assert_lists_equal exp got _ctx =
  let printer = String.concat ";" in
  assert_equal exp got ~printer

let tests = [
  "an empty school has no children in grade 1" >::
    assert_lists_equal [] (grade 1 empty_school);
  "an empty school has Emma in grade 1 after she's been added to grade 1" >::(
    let s = add "Emma" 1 empty_school in
    assert_lists_equal ["Emma"] (grade 1 s)
  );
  "an empty school does not have Emma in grade 1 after she's been added to grade 2" >::(
    let s = add "Emma" 2 empty_school in
    assert_lists_equal [] (grade 1 s)
  );
  "an empty school has Emma, Timmy, Bob and Becky in grade 1 after they've been added to grade 1" >::(
    let s = empty_school |> add "Emma" 1 |> add "Timmy" 1 |> add "Bob" 1 |> add "Becky" 1 in
    assert_lists_equal ["Becky"; "Bob"; "Emma"; "Timmy"] (grade 1 s |> List.sort compare)
  );
  "a sorted school has Emma, Timmy, Bob and Becky in grade 1 in sorted order" >::(
    let s = empty_school |> add "Emma" 1 |> add "Timmy" 1 |> add "Bob" 1 |> add "Becky" 1 |> sorted in
    assert_lists_equal ["Becky"; "Bob"; "Emma"; "Timmy"] (grade 1 s)
  );
]

let () =
  run_test_tt_main ("grade-school tests" >::: tests)
open Base

type name_set = (string, String.comparator_witness) Set.t
type school = (int, name_set, Int.comparator_witness) Map.t

let empty_school = Map.empty (module Int)
let empty_name_set = Set.empty (module String)

let name_set grade school =
  Map.find school grade |> Option.value ~default:empty_name_set

let add name grade school =
  let names = name_set grade school in
  Map.set school ~key:grade ~data:(Set.add names name)

let grade grade school =
  name_set grade school |> Set.to_list

let sorted s = s

Community comments

Find this solution interesting? Ask the author a question to learn more.

What can you learn from this solution?

A huge amount can be learned from reading other people’s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

  • What compromises have been made?
  • Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?