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mbraak's solution

to Difference Of Squares in the Objective-C Track

Published at Apr 14 2019 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Find the difference between the square of the sum and the sum of the squares of the first N natural numbers.

The square of the sum of the first ten natural numbers is (1 + 2 + ... + 10)² = 55² = 3025.

The sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is 1² + 2² + ... + 10² = 385.

Hence the difference between the square of the sum of the first ten natural numbers and the sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is 3025 - 385 = 2640.

Setup

There are two different methods of getting set up to run the tests with Objective-C:

  • Create an Xcode project with a test target which will run the tests.
  • Use the ruby gem objc as a test runner utility.

Both are described in more detail here: http://exercism.io/languages/objective-c

Submitting Exercises

When submitting an exercise, make sure your solution file is in the same directory as the test code.

The submit command will look something like:

exercism submit <path-to-exercism-workspace>/objective-c/difference-of-squares/DifferenceOfSquares.m

You can find the Exercism workspace by running exercism debug and looking for the line beginning with Workspace.

Source

Problem 6 at Project Euler http://projecteuler.net/problem=6

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

DifferenceOfSquaresTest.m

#import <XCTest/XCTest.h>

#if __has_include("DifferenceOfSquaresExample.h")
# import "DifferenceOfSquaresExample.h"
# else
# import "DifferenceOfSquares.h"
#endif

@interface DifferenceOfSquaresTest : XCTestCase

@end

@implementation DifferenceOfSquaresTest

- (void)testSquareOfSumTo5 {
    XCTAssertEqual(225, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:5] squareOfSum]);
}

- (void)testSumOfSquaresTo5 {
    XCTAssertEqual(55, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:5] sumOfSquares]);
}

- (void)testDifferenceOfSquaresOfSumTo5 {
    XCTAssertEqual(170, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:5] differenceOfSquares]);
}

- (void)testSquareOfSumTo10 {
    XCTAssertEqual(3025, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:10] squareOfSum]);
}

- (void)testSumOfSquaresTo10 {
    XCTAssertEqual(385, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:10] sumOfSquares]);
}

- (void)testDifferenceOfSquaresOfSumTo10 {
    XCTAssertEqual(2640, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:10] differenceOfSquares]);
}

- (void)testSquareOfSumTo100 {
    XCTAssertEqual(25502500, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:100] squareOfSum]);
}

- (void)testSumOfSquaresTo100 {
    XCTAssertEqual(338350, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:100] sumOfSquares]);
}

- (void)testDifferenceOfSquaresOfSumTo100 {
    XCTAssertEqual(25164150, [[[DifferenceOfSquares alloc] initWithMax:100] differenceOfSquares]);
}

@end

DifferenceOfSquares.m

#import "DifferenceOfSquares.h"

@implementation DifferenceOfSquares
- (id) initWithMax: (int) max {
    self = [super init];

    if (self) {
        _max = max;
    }

    return self;
}

+ (int) square: (int) n {
    return n * n;
}

- (int) squareOfSum {
    return [DifferenceOfSquares square: (_max * (_max + 1) / 2)];
}

- (int) sumOfSquares {
    return (_max * (_max + 1) * ((2 * _max) + 1)) / 6;
}

- (int) differenceOfSquares {
    return [self squareOfSum] - [self sumOfSquares];
}
@end

DifferenceOfSquares.h

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NS_ASSUME_NONNULL_BEGIN

@interface DifferenceOfSquares : NSObject
@property int max;

- (id) initWithMax: (int) max;
- (int) squareOfSum;
- (int) sumOfSquares;
- (int) differenceOfSquares;
+ (int) square: (int) n;
@end

NS_ASSUME_NONNULL_END

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