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Instructions

Test suite

Solution

Given a number n, determine what the nth prime is.

By listing the first six prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, and 13, we can see that the 6th prime is 13.

If your language provides methods in the standard library to deal with prime numbers, pretend they don't exist and implement them yourself.

To run the tests, run the command `busted`

from within the exercise directory.

For more detailed information about the Lua track, including how to get help if you're having trouble, please visit the exercism.io Lua language page.

A variation on Problem 7 at Project Euler http://projecteuler.net/problem=7

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

```
local nth = require('nth-prime')
describe('nth-prime', function()
local function benchmark(f)
local start = os.clock()
f()
return os.clock() - start
end
it('should give 2 as the first prime', function()
assert.equal(2, nth(1))
end)
it('should give 3 as the second prime', function()
assert.equal(3, nth(2))
end)
it('should be able to calculate the nth prime for small n', function()
assert.equal(13, nth(6))
end)
it('should be able to calculate the nth prime for large n', function()
assert.equal(104743, nth(10001))
end)
it('should be efficient for large n', function()
local execution_time = benchmark(function()
nth(10001)
end)
assert(execution_time < 1, 'should take less than a second to execute')
end)
it('should raise an error for n <= 0', function()
assert.has_error(function()
nth(0)
end)
assert.has_error(function()
nth(-1)
end)
end)
end)
```

```
local function is_prime(num, smaller_primes)
local max_to_check = math.sqrt(num)
local i = 1
while (smaller_primes[i] <= max_to_check) do
if num % smaller_primes[i] == 0 then return false end
i = i + 1
end
return true
end
local function get_next_prime(primes_seen)
if #primes_seen == 0 then return 2 end
local candidate = primes_seen[#primes_seen] + 2
while is_prime(candidate, primes_seen) == false do
candidate = candidate + 2
end
return candidate
end
return function(n)
assert(n >= 1, "set n to 1 to get the 1st prime, 2 for the 2nd, etc.")
local primes_seen = { 2, 3 }
while (n > #primes_seen) do
primes_seen[#primes_seen + 1] = get_next_prime(primes_seen)
end
return primes_seen[n]
end
```

A huge amount can be learned from reading other peopleâ€™s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

- What compromises have been made?
- Are there new concepts here that you could read more about to improve your understanding?

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