# WuHan0608's solution

## to Spiral Matrix in the Go Track

Published at Nov 14 2019 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Given the size, return a square matrix of numbers in spiral order.

The matrix should be filled with natural numbers, starting from 1 in the top-left corner, increasing in an inward, clockwise spiral order, like these examples:

###### Spiral matrix of size 3
``````1 2 3
8 9 4
7 6 5
``````
###### Spiral matrix of size 4
`````` 1  2  3 4
12 13 14 5
11 16 15 6
10  9  8 7
``````

## Coding the solution

Look for a stub file having the name spiral_matrix.go and place your solution code in that file.

## Running the tests

To run the tests run the command `go test` from within the exercise directory.

If the test suite contains benchmarks, you can run these with the `--bench` and `--benchmem` flags:

``````go test -v --bench . --benchmem
``````

Keep in mind that each reviewer will run benchmarks on a different machine, with different specs, so the results from these benchmark tests may vary.

## Further information

For more detailed information about the Go track, including how to get help if you're having trouble, please visit the exercism.io Go language page.

## Source

Reddit r/dailyprogrammer challenge #320 [Easy] Spiral Ascension. https://www.reddit.com/r/dailyprogrammer/comments/6i60lr/20170619_challenge_320_easy_spiral_ascension/

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

### spiral_matrix_test.go

``````package spiralmatrix

import (
"reflect"
"testing"
)

var testCases = []struct {
description string
input       int
expected    [][]int
}{
{
description: "empty spiral",
input:       0,
expected:    [][]int{},
},
{
description: "trivial spiral",
input:       1,
expected: [][]int{
{1},
},
},
{
description: "spiral of size 2",
input:       2,
expected: [][]int{
{1, 2},
{4, 3},
},
},
{
description: "spiral of size 3",
input:       3,
expected: [][]int{
{1, 2, 3},
{8, 9, 4},
{7, 6, 5},
},
},
{
description: "spiral of size 4",
input:       4,
expected: [][]int{
{1, 2, 3, 4},
{12, 13, 14, 5},
{11, 16, 15, 6},
{10, 9, 8, 7},
},
},
}

func TestSpiralMatrix(t *testing.T) {
for _, testCase := range testCases {
matrix := SpiralMatrix(testCase.input)
if !reflect.DeepEqual(matrix, testCase.expected) {
t.Fatalf("FAIL: %s\n\tSpiralMatrix(%v)\nexpected: %v\ngot     : %v",
testCase.description, testCase.input, testCase.expected, matrix)
}
t.Logf("PASS: %s", testCase.description)
}
}

func BenchmarkSpiralMatrix(b *testing.B) {
for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
for _, testCase := range testCases {
SpiralMatrix(testCase.input)
}
}
}``````
``````package spiralmatrix

type Direction uint8

const (
Right Direction = iota
Down
Left
Up
)

type Matrix struct {
row, col  int
direction Direction
array     [][]int
}

func (matrix *Matrix) FillWith(row, col, num int) {
matrix.array[row][col] = num
if num == matrix.row*matrix.col {
return
}

switch matrix.direction {
case Right:
if col < matrix.col-1 && matrix.array[row][col+1] == 0 {
col++
} else {
matrix.direction = (matrix.direction + 1) % 4
row++
}
case Down:
if row < matrix.row-1 && matrix.array[row+1][col] == 0 {
row++
} else {
matrix.direction = (matrix.direction + 1) % 4
col--
}
case Left:
if col > 0 && matrix.array[row][col-1] == 0 {
col--
} else {
matrix.direction = (matrix.direction + 1) % 4
row--
}
case Up:
if row > 0 && matrix.array[row-1][col] == 0 {
row--
} else {
matrix.direction = (matrix.direction + 1) % 4
col++
}
}

matrix.FillWith(row, col, num+1)
}

func SpiralMatrix(size int) [][]int {
if size == 0 {
return [][]int{}
} else if size == 1 {
return [][]int{{1}}
}

matrix := &Matrix{
row:       size,
col:       size,
direction: Right,
array:     make([][]int, size),
}
for i := range matrix.array {
matrix.array[i] = make([]int, size)
}
matrix.FillWith(0, 0, 1)

return matrix.array
}``````

### What can you learn from this solution?

A huge amount can be learned from reading other people’s code. This is why we wanted to give exercism users the option of making their solutions public.

Here are some questions to help you reflect on this solution and learn the most from it.

• What compromises have been made?