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to Transpose in the Erlang Track

Published at Oct 02 2019 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

Note:

This exercise has changed since this solution was written.

Given an input text output it transposed.

Roughly explained, the transpose of a matrix:

ABC
DEF

is given by:

AD
BE
CF

Rows become columns and columns become rows. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transpose.

If the input has rows of different lengths, this is to be solved as follows:

  • Pad to the left with spaces.
  • Don't pad to the right.

Therefore, transposing this matrix:

ABC
DE

results in:

AD
BE
C

And transposing:

AB
DEF

results in:

AD
BE
 F

In general, all characters from the input should also be present in the transposed output. That means that if a column in the input text contains only spaces on its bottom-most row(s), the corresponding output row should contain the spaces in its right-most column(s).

Running tests

In order to run the tests, issue the following command from the exercise directory:

For running the tests provided, rebar3 is used as it is the official build and dependency management tool for erlang now. Please refer to the tracks installation instructions on how to do that.

In order to run the tests, you can issue the following command from the exercise directory.

$ rebar3 eunit

Questions?

For detailed information about the Erlang track, please refer to the help page on the Exercism site. This covers the basic information on setting up the development environment expected by the exercises.

Source

Reddit r/dailyprogrammer challenge #270 [Easy]. https://www.reddit.com/r/dailyprogrammer/comments/4msu2x/challenge_270_easy_transpose_the_input_text

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

transpose_tests.erl

%% Based on canonical data version 1.1.0
%% https://github.com/exercism/problem-specifications/raw/master/exercises/transpose/canonical-data.json
%% This file is automatically generated from the exercises canonical data.

-module(transpose_tests).

-include_lib("erl_exercism/include/exercism.hrl").
-include_lib("eunit/include/eunit.hrl").




'1_empty_string_test'() ->
    Input=[

    ],
    Expected=[

    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'2_two_characters_in_a_row_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "A1"
    ],
    Expected=[
        "A",
        "1"
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'3_two_characters_in_a_column_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "A",
        "1"
    ],
    Expected=[
        "A1"
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'4_simple_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "ABC",
        "123"
    ],
    Expected=[
        "A1",
        "B2",
        "C3"
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'5_single_line_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "Single line."
    ],
    Expected=[
        "S",
        "i",
        "n",
        "g",
        "l",
        "e",
        " ",
        "l",
        "i",
        "n",
        "e",
        "."
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'6_first_line_longer_than_second_line_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "The fourth line.",
        "The fifth line."
    ],
    Expected=[
        "TT",
        "hh",
        "ee",
        "  ",
        "ff",
        "oi",
        "uf",
        "rt",
        "th",
        "h ",
        " l",
        "li",
        "in",
        "ne",
        "e.",
        "."
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'7_second_line_longer_than_first_line_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "The first line.",
        "The second line."
    ],
    Expected=[
        "TT",
        "hh",
        "ee",
        "  ",
        "fs",
        "ie",
        "rc",
        "so",
        "tn",
        " d",
        "l ",
        "il",
        "ni",
        "en",
        ".e",
        " ."
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'8_mixed_line_length_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "The longest line.",
        "A long line.",
        "A longer line.",
        "A line."
    ],
    Expected=[
        "TAAA",
        "h   ",
        "elll",
        " ooi",
        "lnnn",
        "ogge",
        "n e.",
        "glr",
        "ei ",
        "snl",
        "tei",
        " .n",
        "l e",
        "i .",
        "n",
        "e",
        "."
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'9_square_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "HEART",
        "EMBER",
        "ABUSE",
        "RESIN",
        "TREND"
    ],
    Expected=[
        "HEART",
        "EMBER",
        "ABUSE",
        "RESIN",
        "TREND"
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'10_rectangle_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "FRACTURE",
        "OUTLINED",
        "BLOOMING",
        "SEPTETTE"
    ],
    Expected=[
        "FOBS",
        "RULE",
        "ATOP",
        "CLOT",
        "TIME",
        "UNIT",
        "RENT",
        "EDGE"
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).

'11_triangle_test'() ->
    Input=[
        "T",
        "EE",
        "AAA",
        "SSSS",
        "EEEEE",
        "RRRRRR"
    ],
    Expected=[
        "TEASER",
        " EASER",
        "  ASER",
        "   SER",
        "    ER",
        "     R"
    ],
    ?assertEqual(Expected, transpose:transpose(Input)).
-module(transpose).

-export([transpose/1]).

transpose([]) -> [];
transpose([Line|[]]) ->
    split_line(Line);
transpose(Lines) ->
    PLines = pad_lines(Lines),
    transpose(PLines, []).

split_line([]) -> [];
split_line([H|T]) ->
    [[H]]++split_line(T).


pad_lines(Lines) ->
    Max = max_line_len(Lines),
    pad_lines(Lines, Max).

pad_lines(Lines, Max) ->
    InsertPadding = fun(L) ->
                            LLen = erlang:length(L),
                            case LLen < Max of
                                true  -> L ++ lists:duplicate(Max-LLen, $ );
                                false -> L
                            end
                    end,
    lists:map(InsertPadding, Lines).

max_line_len(Lines) ->
    DetermineMax = fun(L, Max) ->
                           LLen = erlang:length(L),
                           case LLen > Max of
                               true  -> LLen;
                               false -> Max
                           end
                   end,
    lists:foldl(DetermineMax, 0, Lines).

transpose([[]|_T], Result) ->
    lists:reverse(Result);
transpose(Lines, Result) ->
    CleanedLines = cleanup_blank_lines(Lines),
    HList = [erlang:hd(Line) || Line <- CleanedLines],
    TList = [lists:nthtail(1, Line) || Line <- CleanedLines],
    transpose(TList, [HList]++Result).

cleanup_blank_lines(Lines) ->
    [LastLine|Rest] = lists:reverse(Lines),
    case string:trim(LastLine) of
        [] -> cleanup_blank_lines(
                lists:reverse(Rest));
        _  -> Lines
    end.

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