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## to Accumulate in the Elixir Track

Published at Jul 13 2018 · 0 comments
Instructions
Test suite
Solution

#### Note:

This solution was written on an old version of Exercism. The tests below might not correspond to the solution code, and the exercise may have changed since this code was written.

Implement the `accumulate` operation, which, given a collection and an operation to perform on each element of the collection, returns a new collection containing the result of applying that operation to each element of the input collection.

Given the collection of numbers:

• 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

And the operation:

• square a number (`x => x * x`)

Your code should be able to produce the collection of squares:

• 1, 4, 9, 16, 25

Check out the test suite to see the expected function signature.

## Restrictions

Keep your hands off that collect/map/fmap/whatchamacallit functionality provided by your standard library! Solve this one yourself using other basic tools instead.

## Running tests

Execute the tests with:

``````\$ elixir accumulate_test.exs
``````

### Pending tests

In the test suites, all but the first test have been skipped.

Once you get a test passing, you can unskip the next one by commenting out the relevant `@tag :pending` with a `#` symbol.

For example:

``````# @tag :pending
test "shouting" do
assert Bob.hey("WATCH OUT!") == "Whoa, chill out!"
end
``````

Or, you can enable all the tests by commenting out the `ExUnit.configure` line in the test suite.

``````# ExUnit.configure exclude: :pending, trace: true
``````

For more detailed information about the Elixir track, please see the help page.

## Source

Conversation with James Edward Gray II https://twitter.com/jeg2

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.

### accumulate_test.exs

``````if !System.get_env("EXERCISM_TEST_EXAMPLES") do
end

ExUnit.start()
ExUnit.configure(exclude: :pending, trace: true)

defmodule AccumulateTest do
use ExUnit.Case

test "accumulate empty list" do
assert Accumulate.accumulate([], fn n -> n * n end) == []
end

@tag :pending
test "accumulate square numbers" do
assert Accumulate.accumulate([1, 2, 3], fn n -> n * n end) == [1, 4, 9]
end

@tag :pending
test "accumulate upcased strings" do
fun = fn w -> String.upcase(w) end
assert Accumulate.accumulate(["hello", "world"], fun) == ["HELLO", "WORLD"]
end

@tag :pending
test "accumulate reversed strings" do
fun = fn w -> String.reverse(w) end
words = ~w(the quick brown fox etc)
expected = ["eht", "kciuq", "nworb", "xof", "cte"]
assert Accumulate.accumulate(words, fun) == expected
end

@tag :pending
test "nested accumulate" do
chars = ~w(a b c)
nums = ~w(1 2 3)
fun = fn c -> Accumulate.accumulate(nums, &(c <> &1)) end
expected = [["a1", "a2", "a3"], ["b1", "b2", "b3"], ["c1", "c2", "c3"]]
assert Accumulate.accumulate(chars, fun) == expected
end
end``````
``````defmodule Accumulate do
@doc """
Given a list and a function, apply the function to each list item and
replace it with the function's return value.

Returns a list.

## Examples

iex> Accumulate.accumulate([], fn(x) -> x * 2 end)
[]

iex> Accumulate.accumulate([1, 2, 3], fn(x) -> x * 2 end)
[2, 4, 6]

"""
@spec accumulate(list, (any -> any)) :: list
def accumulate([], _), do: []
def accumulate([car | cdr], fun) do
[fun.(car) | accumulate(cdr, fun)]
end
end``````