Add new R exercises

One of the easiest ways to add new exercises to the R track is to translate them from other language tracks on Exercism. This page lists all of the problem specifications in the common pool of exercises which have not yet been implemented in R.

The icon links to the language-independent description of the problem.

The icon links to the canonical test data.

We also link to all the implementations of each exercise in other languages, which you can use for inspiration.

Once you've picked an exercise, follow the instructions in this guide and submit your pull request to the R track repository on GitHub.




Atbash Cipher

Create an implementation of the atbash cipher, an ancient encryption system created in the Middle East.

Roman Numerals

Write a function to convert from normal numbers to Roman Numerals.


We are going to do the `Transform` step of an Extract-Transform-Load.


Calculate the moment when someone has lived for 10^9 seconds.


Implement a clock that handles times without dates.

Grade School

Given students' names along with the grade that they are in, create a roster for the school

Nth Prime

Given a number n, determine what the nth prime is.

All Your Base

Convert a number, represented as a sequence of digits in one base, to any other base.


Given a string of digits, output all the contiguous substrings of length `n` in that string.

Bracket Push

Make sure the brackets and braces all match.

Run Length Encoding

Implement run-length encoding and decoding.


Given a number from 0 to 999,999,999,999, spell out that number in English.


Implement the `accumulate` operation, which, given a collection and an operation to perform on each element of the collection, returns a new collection containing the result of applying that operation to each element of the input collection.

Pig Latin

Implement a program that translates from English to Pig Latin

Queen Attack

Given the position of two queens on a chess board, indicate whether or not they are positioned so that they can attack each other.


Add the numbers to a minesweeper board

Two Fer

Create a sentence of the form "One for X, one for me."


Parse and evaluate simple math word problems returning the answer as an integer.

Flatten Array

Take a nested list and return a single list with all values except nil/null


Write a function to determine if a list is a sublist of another list.

Binary Search Tree

Insert and search for numbers in a binary tree.

List Ops

Implement basic list operations

Saddle Points

Detect saddle points in a matrix.

Ocr Numbers

Given a 3 x 4 grid of pipes, underscores, and spaces, determine which number is represented, or whether it is garbled.


Implement the `keep` and `discard` operation on collections. Given a collection and a predicate on the collection's elements, `keep` returns a new collection containing those elements where the predicate is true, while `discard` returns a new collection containing those elements where the predicate is false.


Correctly determine change to be given using the least number of coins

Circular Buffer

A data structure that uses a single, fixed-size buffer as if it were connected end-to-end.

Isbn Verifier

Check if a given string is a valid ISBN-10 number.

Linked List

Implement a doubly linked list

Palindrome Products

Detect palindrome products in a given range.

Protein Translation

Translate RNA sequences into proteins.

Pythagorean Triplet

There exists exactly one Pythagorean triplet for which a + b + c = 1000. Find the product a * b * c.


Take input text and output it transposed.

Food Chain

Generate the lyrics of the song 'I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly'

Kindergarten Garden

Given a diagram, determine which plants each child in the kindergarten class is responsible for.


Given a string representing a matrix of numbers, return the rows and columns of that matrix.

Simple Cipher

Implement a simple shift cipher like Caesar and a more secure substitution cipher

Bank Account

Simulate a bank account supporting opening/closing, withdraws, and deposits of money. Watch out for concurrent transactions!


Implement a basic reactive system.

Simple Linked List

Write a simple linked list implementation that uses Elements and a List

Twelve Days

Output the lyrics to 'The Twelve Days of Christmas'


Write a function to solve alphametics puzzles.

Complex Numbers

Implement complex numbers.


Implement an evaluator for a very simple subset of Forth


Compute the result for a game of Hex / Polygon


Output the nursery rhyme 'This is the House that Jack Built'.

Reverse String

Reverse a string

Spiral Matrix

Given the size, return a square matrix of numbers in spiral order.

Armstrong Numbers

Determine if a number is an Armstrong number


Make a chain of dominoes.

Rail Fence Cipher

Implement encoding and decoding for the rail fence cipher.

Variable Length Quantity

Implement variable length quantity encoding and decoding.

Book Store

To try and encourage more sales of different books from a popular 5 book series, a bookshop has decided to offer discounts of multiple-book purchases.

Parallel Letter Frequency

Count the frequency of letters in texts using parallel computation.


Pick the best hand(s) from a list of poker hands.


For want of a horseshoe nail, a kingdom was lost, or so the saying goes. Output the full text of this proverbial rhyme.


Count the rectangles in an ASCII diagram.

Two Bucket

Given two buckets of different size, demonstrate how to measure an exact number of liters.


Creating a zipper for a binary tree.

Diffie Hellman

Diffie-Hellman key exchange.


Refactor a Markdown parser


Reparent a graph on a selected node

Scale Generator

Generate musical scales, given a starting note and a set of intervals.

Word Search

Create a program to solve a word search puzzle.

Error Handling

Implement various kinds of error handling and resource management


Search a file for lines matching a regular expression pattern. Return the line number and contents of each matching line.

Zebra Puzzle

Solve the zebra puzzle.

Go Counting

Count the scored points on a Go board.

Rational Numbers

Implement rational numbers.

Dot Dsl

Write a Domain Specific Language similar to the Graphviz dot language

Sgf Parsing

Parsing a Smart Game Format string.

Tree Building

Refactor a tree building algorithm.


Implement the logic of the hangman game using functional reactive programming.


Refactor a ledger printer.

Lens Person

Use lenses to update nested records (specific to languages with immutable data).


Report network IO statistics


Score a single throw of dice in the game Yacht