Forth in Python
Implement an evaluator for a very simple subset of Forth
exercism fetch python forth
Implement an evaluator for a very simple subset of Forth.
Forth is a stack-based programming language. Implement a very basic evaluator for a small subset of Forth.
Your evaluator has to support the following words:
Your evaluator also has to support defining new words using the
: word-name definition ;.
To keep things simple the only data type you need to support is signed integers of at least 16 bits size.
You should use the following rules for the syntax: a number is a sequence of one or more (ASCII) digits, a word is a sequence of one or more letters, digits, symbols or punctuation that is not a number. (Forth probably uses slightly different rules, but this is close enough.)
Words are case-insensitive.
Sometimes it is necessary to raise an exception. When you do this, you should include a meaningful error message to indicate what the source of the error is. This makes your code more readable and helps significantly with debugging. Not every exercise will require you to raise an exception, but for those that do, the tests will only pass if you include a message.
To raise a message with an exception, just write it as an argument to the exception type. For example, instead of
raise Exception, you should write:
raise Exception("Meaningful message indicating the source of the error")
Running the tests
To run the tests, run the appropriate command below (why they are different):
- Python 2.7:
- Python 3.3+:
Alternatively, you can tell Python to run the pytest module (allowing the same command to be used regardless of Python version):
python -m pytest forth_test.py
-v: enable verbose output
-x: stop running tests on first failure
--ff: run failures from previous test before running other test cases
For other options, see
python -m pytest -h
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Submitting Incomplete Solutions
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.