`1` ```exercism fetch julia rotational-cipher ```

# Rotational Cipher

Create an implementation of the rotational cipher, also sometimes called the Caesar cipher.

The Caesar cipher is a simple shift cipher that relies on transposing all the letters in the alphabet using an integer key between `0` and `26`. Using a key of `0` or `26` will always yield the same output due to modular arithmetic. The letter is shifted for as many values as the value of the key.

The general notation for rotational ciphers is `ROT + <key>`. The most commonly used rotational cipher is `ROT13`.

A `ROT13` on the Latin alphabet would be as follows:

 ```1 2``` ```Plain: abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Cipher: nopqrstuvwxyzabcdefghijklm ```

It is stronger than the Atbash cipher because it has 27 possible keys, and 25 usable keys.

Ciphertext is written out in the same formatting as the input including spaces and punctuation.

## Examples

• ROT5 `omg` gives `trl`
• ROT0 `c` gives `c`
• ROT26 `Cool` gives `Cool`
• ROT13 `The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.` gives `Gur dhvpx oebja sbk whzcf bire gur ynml qbt.`
• ROT13 `Gur dhvpx oebja sbk whzcf bire gur ynml qbt.` gives `The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.`

This is a good exercise to experiment with non-standard string literals and metaprogramming.

A short introduction to non-standard string literals can be found in this blog post. A detailed metaprogramming guide can be found in the manual.

You can extend your solution by adding the functionality described below. To test your solution, you have to remove the comments at the end of `runtests.jl` before running the tests as usual.

Bonus A only requires basics as outlined in the blog post. Bonus B requires significantly more knowledge of metaprogramming in Julia.

## Bonus A

Implement a string literal that acts as `ROT13` on the string:

 `1` ```R13"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" == "nopqrstuvwxyzabcdefghijklm" ```

## Bonus B

Implement string literals `R<i>`, `i = 0, ..., 26`, that shift the string for `i` values:

 ```1 2 3``` ```R0"Hello, World!" == "Hello, World!" R4"Testing 1 2 3 testing" == "Xiwxmrk 1 2 3 xiwxmrk" R13"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" == "nopqrstuvwxyzabcdefghijklm" ```

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.