Pig Latin in Java
Implement a program that translates from English to Pig Latin
exercism fetch java pig-latin
Implement a program that translates from English to Pig Latin.
Pig Latin is a made-up children's language that's intended to be confusing. It obeys a few simple rules (below), but when it's spoken quickly it's really difficult for non-children (and non-native speakers) to understand.
- Rule 1: If a word begins with a vowel sound, add an "ay" sound to the end of the word. Please note that "xr" and "yt" at the beginning of a word make vowel sounds (e.g. "xray" -> "xrayay", "yttria" -> "yttriaay").
- Rule 2: If a word begins with a consonant sound, move it to the end of the word and then add an "ay" sound to the end of the word. Consonant sounds can be made up of multiple consonants, a.k.a. a consonant cluster (e.g. "chair" -> "airchay").
- Rule 3: If a word starts with a consonant sound followed by "qu", move it to the end of the word, and then add an "ay" sound to the end of the word (e.g. "square" -> "aresquay").
- Rule 4: If a word contains a "y" after a consonant cluster or as the second letter in a two letter word it makes a vowel sound (e.g. "rhythm" -> "ythmrhay", "my" -> "ymay").
There are a few more rules for edge cases, and there are regional variants too.
See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pig_latin for more details.
Since this exercise has difficulty 5 it doesn't come with any starter implementation. This is so that you get to practice creating classes and methods which is an important part of programming in Java. It does mean that when you first try to run the tests, they won't compile. They will give you an error similar to:
path-to-exercism-dir\exercism\java\name-of-exercise\src\test\java\ExerciseClassNameTest.java:14: error: cannot find symbol ExerciseClassName exerciseClassName = new ExerciseClassName(); ^ symbol: class ExerciseClassName location: class ExerciseClassNameTest
This error occurs because the test refers to a class that hasn't been created yet (
To resolve the error you need to add a file matching the class name in the error to the
For example, for the error above you would add a file called
When you try to run the tests again you will get slightly different errors. You might get an error similar to:
constructor ExerciseClassName in class ExerciseClassName cannot be applied to given types; ExerciseClassName exerciseClassName = new ExerciseClassName("some argument"); ^ required: no arguments found: String reason: actual and formal argument lists differ in length
This error means that you need to add a constructor to your new class. If you don't add a constructor, Java will add a default one for you. This default constructor takes no arguments. So if the tests expect your class to have a constructor which takes arguments, then you need to create this constructor yourself. In the example above you could add:
That should make the error go away, though you might need to add some more code to your constructor to make the test pass!
You might also get an error similar to:
error: cannot find symbol assertEquals(expectedOutput, exerciseClassName.someMethod()); ^ symbol: method someMethod() location: variable exerciseClassName of type ExerciseClassName
This error means that you need to add a method called
someMethod to your new class.
In the example above you would add:
Make sure the return type matches what the test is expecting.
You can find out which return type it should have by looking at the type of object it's being compared to in the tests.
Or you could set your method to return some random type (e.g.
void), and run the tests again.
The new error should tell you which type it's expecting.
After having resolved these errors you should be ready to start making the tests pass!
Running the tests
You can run all the tests for an exercise by entering
$ gradle test
in your terminal.
The Pig Latin exercise at Test First Teaching by Ultrasaurus https://github.com/ultrasaurus/test-first-teaching/blob/master/learn_ruby/pig_latin/
Submitting Incomplete Solutions
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.