exercism fetch java list-ops

List Ops

Implement basic list operations.

In functional languages list operations like length, map, and reduce are very common. Implement a series of basic list operations, without using existing functions.

Java Tips


In Java it's considered best practice to use instance methods over class methods. However, there are conditions in which it is absolutely appropriate for a function to be static. Since classes in Java are closed for modification (i.e. you cannot add members to a class outside its definition like you can in other languages like Ruby or JavaScript), you cannot add new behavior to the class directly. What to do if you still want to define behavior for a given type? The idiomatic solution in this case is to write a utility method. Collections of these kinds of methods are often referred to as "utility classes". Examples of such classes from within the JRE include Arrays and Collections. In this exercise we want a List to have map(), reduce(), filter(), etc. methods. It doesn't, so we're using static methods.

The foldLeft and foldRight methods are "fold" functions, which is a concept well-known in the functional programming world, but less so in the object-oriented one. See the Wikipedia page on folding for general background and signature/implementation hints.

Running the tests

You can run all the tests for an exercise by entering

$ gradle test

in your terminal.

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.