Collatz Conjecture in Erlang
Calculate the number of steps to reach 1 using the Collatz conjecture
exercism fetch erlang collatz-conjecture
The Collatz Conjecture or 3x+1 problem can be summarized as follows:
Take any positive integer n. If n is even, divide n by 2 to get n / 2. If n is odd, multiply n by 3 and add 1 to get 3n + 1. Repeat the process indefinitely. The conjecture states that no matter which number you start with, you will always reach 1 eventually.
Given a number n, return the number of steps required to reach 1.
Starting with n = 12, the steps would be as follows:
Resulting in 9 steps. So for input n = 12, the return value would be 9.
In order to run the tests, issue the following command from the exercise directory:
For running the tests provided,
rebar3 is used as it is the official build and
dependency management tool for erlang now. Please refer to the tracks installation
instructions on how to do that.
In order to run the tests, you can issue the following command from the exercise directory.
$ rebar3 eunit
Each problem defines a macro
TEST_VERSION in the test file and
verifies that the solution defines and exports a function
returning that same value.
To make tests pass, add the following to your solution:
The benefit of this is that reviewers can see against which test version an iteration was written if, for example, a previously posted solution does not solve the current problem or passes current tests.
For detailed information about the Erlang track, please refer to the help page on the Exercism site. This covers the basic information on setting up the development environment expected by the exercises.
An unsolved problem in mathematics named after mathematician Lothar Collatz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3x_%2B_1_problem
Submitting Incomplete Solutions
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.