exercism fetch elixir diffie-hellman

Diffie Hellman

Diffie-Hellman key exchange.

Alice and Bob use Diffie-Hellman key exchange to share secrets. They start with prime numbers, pick private keys, generate and share public keys, and then generate a shared secret key.

Step 0

The test program supplies prime numbers p and g.

Step 1

Alice picks a private key, a, greater than 1 and less than p. Bob does the same to pick a private key b.

Step 2

Alice calculates a public key A.

A = g**a mod p

Using the same p and g, Bob similarly calculates a public key B from his private key b.

Step 3

Alice and Bob exchange public keys. Alice calculates secret key s.

s = B**a mod p

Bob calculates

s = A**b mod p

The calculations produce the same result! Alice and Bob now share secret s.

For generating random numbers, Erlang's :rand.uniform or Enum.random are good places to start.

:math.pow |> round can be used to find the power of a number, and rem for the modulus.

Neither of those works particularly well (or quickly) for very large integers. Cryptography generally makes use of numbers larger than 1024 bits. Erlang's :crypto module has a useful function for finding the modulus of a power, particularly for enormous integers, but you might need :binary to decode it.

Running tests

Execute the tests with:

$ elixir bob_test.exs

(Replace bob_test.exs with the name of the test file.)

Pending tests

In the test suites, all but the first test have been skipped.

Once you get a test passing, you can unskip the next one by commenting out the relevant @tag :pending with a # symbol.

For example:

# @tag :pending
test "shouting" do
  assert Bob.hey("WATCH OUT!") == "Whoa, chill out!"

Or, you can enable all the tests by commenting out the ExUnit.configure line in the test suite.

# ExUnit.configure exclude: :pending, trace: true

For more detailed information about the Elixir track, please see the help page.


Wikipedia, 1024 bit key from www.cryptopp.com/wiki. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffie%E2%80%93Hellman_key_exchange

Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.