`1` ```exercism fetch common-lisp crypto-square ```

# Crypto Square

Implement the classic method for composing secret messages called a square code.

Given an English text, output the encoded version of that text.

First, the input is normalized: the spaces and punctuation are removed from the English text and the message is downcased.

Then, the normalized characters are broken into rows. These rows can be regarded as forming a rectangle when printed with intervening newlines.

For example, the sentence

If man was meant to stay on the ground, god would have given us roots.

is normalized to:

ifmanwasmeanttostayonthegroundgodwouldhavegivenusroots

The plaintext should be organized in to a rectangle. The size of the rectangle (`r x c`) should be decided by the length of the message, such that `c >= r` and `c - r <= 1`, where `c` is the number of columns and `r` is the number of rows.

Our normalized text is 54 characters long, dictating a rectangle with `c = 8` and `r = 7`:

 ```1 2 3 4 5 6 7``` ```ifmanwas meanttos tayonthe groundgo dwouldha vegivenu sroots ```

The coded message is obtained by reading down the columns going left to right.

The message above is coded as:

 `1` ```imtgdvsfearwermayoogoanouuiontnnlvtwttddesaohghnsseoau ```

Output the encoded text in chunks. Phrases that fill perfect squares `(r X r)` should be output in `r`-length chunks separated by spaces. Imperfect squares will have `n` empty spaces. Those spaces should be distributed evenly across the last `n` rows.

 `1` ```imtgdvs fearwer mayoogo anouuio ntnnlvt wttddes aohghn sseoau ```

Notice that were we to stack these, we could visually decode the cyphertext back in to the original message:

 ```1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8``` ```imtgdvs fearwer mayoogo anouuio ntnnlvt wttddes aohghn sseoau ```

## Setup

Check out Exercism Help for instructions to get started writing Common Lisp. That page will explain how to install and setup a Lisp implementation and how to run the tests.

## Formatting

While Common Lisp doesn't care about indentation and layout of code, nor whether you use spaces or tabs, this is an important consideration for submissions to exercism.io. Excercism.io's code widget cannot handle mixing of tab and space characters well so using only spaces is recommended to make the code more readable to the human reviewers. Please review your editors settings on how to accomplish this. Below are instructions for popular editors for Common Lisp.

### VIM

Use the following commands to ensure VIM uses only spaces for indentation:

 ```1 2 3``` ```:set tabstop=2 :set shiftwidth=2 :set expandtab ```

(or as a oneliner `:set tabstop=2 shiftwidth=2 expandtab`). This can be added to your `~/.vimrc` file to use it all the time.

### Emacs

Emacs is very well suited for editing Common Lisp and has many powerful add-on packages available. The only thing that one needs to do with a stock emacs to make it work well with exercism.io is to evaluate the following code:

`(setq indent-tab-mode nil)`

This can be placed in your `~/.emacs` (or `~/.emacs.d/init.el`) in order to have it set whenever Emacs is launched.

One suggested add-on for Emacs and Common Lisp is SLIME which offers tight integration with the REPL; making iterative coding and testing very easy.

## Source

J Dalbey's Programming Practice problems http://users.csc.calpoly.edu/~jdalbey/103/Projects/ProgrammingPractice.html

## Submitting Incomplete Solutions

It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.